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Tarentola boavistensis JOGER, 1993

IUCN Red List - Tarentola boavistensis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymTarentola rudis boavistensis JOGER 1993
Tarentola borneensis maioensis — JOGER 1984 (part.)
Tarentola rudis maioensis — SCHLEICH 1987
Tarentola rudis boavistensis JOGER 1993
Tarentola maioensis — LÓPEZ-JURADO et al. 1999 (part.)
Tarentola maioensis boavistensis — LÓPEZ-JURADO et al. 2005
Tarentola (Makariogecko) rudis boavistensis — CARRANZA et al. 2000
Tarentola boavistensis — VASCONCELOS et al. 2012: 338 
DistributionBoa Vista, Sal Rei (Cape Verde Islands)

Type locality: Boavista, Ilhéu Sal Rei, southern part  
Reproductionoviparous (manual and phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 24144, paratypes: RMNH RENA 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (boavistensis): Medium to large-sized gecko (maximum SVL 79.0 mm, 65.2 mm on average; cf. Appendix 2); eye/ear opening ratio averages 1.59; ear–eye/eye– snout distance ratio averages 0.83. Eight to 11 supralabials; seven to nine infralabials; nine to ten enlarged lamellae under the 4th finger; 112–143 midbody scales (Joger, 1993); narrow central keeled dorsal tubercles (Fig. 5A1) with 20–24 midbody longitudinal lines and 14–18 transverse rows; prominent tubercle above and anterior to the ear opening. Light orangey or yellowish to pinkish grey dorsal coloration slightly translucent with reduced pattern in adults (Figs 6A1, 7A1) and whitish below. A light vertebral stripe, interrupted or complete, appears on most individuals. Eye iris generally orange to orangey brown, contrasting with the rest of the head coloration. Juveniles with black tails with strongly marked white stripes. Most specimens with thin brown streaks arranged in different angles in front of and behind the ear. First supra- and infralabials white followed by labials with very dark spots.
It differs from other taxa from clade A by presenting keeled dorsal tubercles and having an orangey, yellowish to pinkish grey dorsal coloration that is slightly translucent, and an orangey eye iris. It differs from T. caboverdiana, clade B, and clade C by having a light, reduced dorsal pattern. It differs from T. gigas by having smaller SVL and from T. ‘rudis’ from Santiago, Fogo, Brava, Rombos, and Maio (taxa from clade D), by having a lower midbody scale count (112–143) but a higher number of interorbital scales (19–22) (Joger, 1993). 
CommentMORPHOBANK M42539–M42659 (boavistensis) 
Etymologynamed after the type locality. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1906. Report on the reptiles collected by the late L. Fea in West Africa. Ann. Mus. civ. Stor. Nat. Genova (3) 2: 196-216 - get paper here
  • Bretzel, Joachim 2018. Die Kapverden – ein herpetologischer Reisebericht. Terraria-Elaphe 2018 (6): 48-58 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S., Arnold, E. Nicholas; Mateo, J. A. and L. F. López-Jurado 2000. Long-distance colonization and radiation in gekkonid lizards, Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae), revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequences. Proc. R. Soc. London B 267: 637-649 - get paper here
  • Jesus, J.; Brehm, A. & Harris, D.J. 2002. Relationships of Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from the Cape Verde Islands estimated from DNA sequence data. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (1): 47-54 - get paper here
  • Joger U 1993. On two collections of reptiles and amphibians from the Cape Verde Islands, with descriptions of three new taxa. COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 159: 437-444
  • Joger, U. 1984. Die Radiation der Gattung Tarentola in Makaronesien. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 71: 91-111
  • Schleich H H 1984. Die Geckos der Gattung Tarentola der Kapverden (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 68: 95-106
  • Schleich, H.H. 1987. Herpetofauna caboverdiana. Spixiana Suppl. (12) 75 pp. - get paper here
  • Vasconcelos, R., A. Perera, P. Geniez, D. J. Harris, and S. Carranza. 2012. An integrative taxonomic revision of the Tarentola geckos (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae) of the Cape Verde Islands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 164 (2): 328-360 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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