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IUCN Red List - Tarentola fogoensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymTarentola fogoensis VASCONCELOS, PERERA, GENIEZ, HARRIS & CARRANZA 2012: 344
Tarentola delalandii var. boettgeri — BOULENGER 1906: 200
Tarentola darwini — JOGER 1984: 96 (part.) 
DistributionCape Verde archipelago (Fogo island)

Type locality: Fogo Island (Cape Verde), Ilhéu de Contenda (14.983°N, 24.438°W, WGS84)  
Reproductionoviparous (manual and phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 2011.0203, male; MNHN-RA 2011.0204 paratype 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Medium-sized gecko (maximum SVL 69.5 mm, 59.0 mm on average; Table 1); eye/ear opening ratio averages 1.46; ear–eye/eye–snout distance ratio averages 0.73. Ten to 12 supralabials; eight to 11 infralabials; nine to 11 enlarged lamellae under the 4th finger; 137–148 midbody scales (Joger, 1984b); small numerous smooth, rounded dorsal tubercles (Fig. 5A3) with 20–27 midbody longitudinal lines and 14–18 transverse rows; absence of enlarged tubercles between the eye and the ear opening. Dorsal parts grey or greyish and generally without a distinct vertebral stripe, with usually five transverse bands, indistinct or not, and sometimes Y-shaped on the flanks and sometimes forming one X-shape on the midbody (Figs 6A3, 7A3); two longitudinal faded light bands from snout to eye; ventral parts whitish or slightly yellowish; labials and sides of the throat with generally numerous dark stains; eye iris blackish and slightly golden on the upperparts.
It is characterized by the same general features of T. darwini (not presenting enlarged tubercles between the eye and ear opening and not strongly keeled dorsal tubercles), but differs from T. darwini from Santiago and T. bocagei by having, relative to SVL, a narrower tail, limbs considerably longer, distance between nostrils and eye proportionally longer, profile of the forehead not concave. Certain individuals present a dark ring mark at the back, not observed in any other Cape Verdean Tarentola; vertebral line absent or less defined than in T. bocagei; pileus frequently vermiculate or marbled (more uniform in T. bocagei), sometimes ventral parts slightly yellowish but less than in T. bocagei and subdigital lamellae whiter. 
CommentMORPHOBANK M42945–M43220, M55902-M55919 
EtymologyThe species epithet is an adjective that refers to the island where the taxon is found, Fogo. 
  • Vasconcelos, R., A. Perera, P. Geniez, D. J. Harris, and S. Carranza. 2012. An integrative taxonomic revision of the Tarentola geckos (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae) of the Cape Verde Islands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 164 (2): 328-360 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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