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Tarentola maioensis SCHLEICH, 1984

IUCN Red List - Tarentola maioensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymTarentola rudis maioensis SCHLEICH 1984: 98
Tarentola delalandii rudis — MERTENS 1954
Tarentola rudis maioensis SCHLEICH 1984
Tarentola borneensis maioensis — JOGER 1984: 102
Tarentola rudis maioensis — SCHLEICH 1987: 37
Tarentola gigas maioensis — KLUGE 1991
Tarentola rudis maioensis — JOGER 1993
Tarentola (Makariogecko) rudis maioensis — RÖSLER 2000: 117
Tarentola maioensis maioensis — LÓPEZ-JURADO et al. 2005
Tarentola maioensis — VASCONCELOS et al. 2012: 354 
DistributionMaio (Cape Verde Islands)

Type locality: Maio (Cape Verde Islands)  
Reproductionoviparous (manual and phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: ZSM 136/1981/6 (given as ZSM 06.136/81 in the orignal description) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (maioensis): Medium-sized gecko (maximum SVL 71.0 mm, 60.8 mm on average, Appendix 2) with a wide and long head (Schleich, 1984); distinct eye/ear opening ratio ≥ 2; ear–eye/eye–snout distance ratio averages ≤ 1. Seven to nine supralabials and seven to nine infralabials (Schleich, 1984, 1987); eight to ten enlarged lamellae under the 4th finger; 129–149 midbody scales (Joger, 1984b); conical to apical prominent dorsal tubercles with a narrow central keel (Fig.5D6) with 12–18 (often 14) transverse rows (Schleich, 1987); several enlarged tubercles between the eye and the ear opening. Light grey-brownish dorsal coloration; dorsal pattern with a series of four to five, faint light middorsal patches and/or a broad light middorsal line, each preceded by wide brown marks (Figs. 6D6 and 7D6); white ventral parts; usually faint dark spots on the labials sometimes alternating dark and light; pale grey eye iris with a faded horizontal darker area.
It differs from T. bocagei, T. fogoensis, and T. darwini, T. substituta, T. raziana, T. caboverdiana and T. nicolauensis by having conical dorsal slightly apical prominent tubercles (Fig.5), enlarged tubercles between the eye and ear opening, and a different dorsal pattern (Figs 6, 7). It differs from T. gigas, T. boavistensis, T. rudis, and T. protogigas by a lower maximum size (71 versus 115, 79, 83 and 99 mm, respectively). Moreover, it differs from T. boavistensis by a greyer dorsal and eye iris coloration and from T. rudis and T. protogigas by generally presenting lower number of scales and lamellae under the fifth toe [19–21, rarely 22 versus 22–26 (Joger, 1984b)]. It also differs from T. rudis by presenting lighter dorsal coloration with wider and fainter dorsal bands and generally fainter coloration on the labials (Figs 6, 7). Finally, it also differs from T. protogigas by a lower number of interorbital scales [16–18 versus 19–21 (Joger, 1984b)] and the whitish ventral coloration. 
CommentMORPHOBANK M46092–M46109 (maioensis) 
Etymologynamed after the type locality. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1906. Report on the reptiles collected by the late L. Fea in West Africa. Ann. Mus. civ. Stor. Nat. Genova (3) 2: 196-216 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S., Arnold, E. Nicholas; Mateo, J. A. and L. F. López-Jurado 2000. Long-distance colonization and radiation in gekkonid lizards, Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae), revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequences. Proc. R. Soc. London B 267: 637-649 - get paper here
  • Jesus, J.; Brehm, A. & Harris, D.J. 2002. Relationships of Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from the Cape Verde Islands estimated from DNA sequence data. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (1): 47-54 - get paper here
  • Joger U 1993. On two collections of reptiles and amphibians from the Cape Verde Islands, with descriptions of three new taxa. COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 159: 437-444
  • Joger, U. 1984. Die Radiation der Gattung Tarentola in Makaronesien. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 71: 91-111
  • Schleich H H 1984. Die Geckos der Gattung Tarentola der Kapverden (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 68: 95-106
  • Schleich, H.H. 1987. Herpetofauna caboverdiana. Spixiana Suppl. (12) 75 pp. - get paper here
  • Vasconcelos, R., A. Perera, P. Geniez, D. J. Harris, and S. Carranza. 2012. An integrative taxonomic revision of the Tarentola geckos (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae) of the Cape Verde Islands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 164 (2): 328-360 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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