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Telescopus hoogstraali SCHMIDT & MARX, 1956

IUCN Red List - Telescopus hoogstraali - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymTelescopus fallax hoogstraali SCHMIDT & MARX 1956
Telescopus hoogstraali — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006
Telescopus hoogstraali — WALLACH et al. 2014: 711
Telescopus hoogstraali — ŠMÍD et al. 2019 
DistributionS Israel, SW Jordan

Type locality: Wadi el Sheikh, St. Catherine’s Monastery area,
Sinai, elevation about 5000 feet  
TypesHolotype: FMNH 72027 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A Telescopus with scale rows 19, anal plate divided, ventrals in males 214-216, caudals 51-59, three labials entering the eye, loreal broadly entering the eye below the preocular. Head black above and below, body with gray ground color and obscure narrow darker crossbands, venter light with a broad darker median band, punctulate with black [from SCHMIDT & MARX 1956]. 
CommentPhylogenetics: T. nigriceps and T. hoogstraali are paraphyletic with respect to T. fallax (s.l.). The T. fallax group is thus in need of revision (SMID et al. 2019). 
EtymologyNamed after Harold "Harry" Hoogstraal (1917-1986), American medical zoologist, entomologist, and ecologist who travelled widely in Mexico, New Guinea, the Philippines, Africa and Madagascar. 
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965) - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Disi, Ahmad; Zuhair S. Amr, Nashat Hamidan 2014. Diversity, Threats, and Conservation of the Terrestrial and Freshwater Herpetofauna of Jordan. Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (3): 221-233 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Amos Belmaker, Daniel Berkowic, Kesem Kazes, Erez Maza, Guy Bar-Oz and Roi Dor 2019. A checklist of Israeli land vertebrates. Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. & Marx, H. 1956. The herpetology of Sinai. Fieldiana 39 (4): 21-40 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R.; Alberto Venchi & Cristina Grieco 2013. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic, Volume 2: Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Snakes of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, with an Update to Volume 1. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 543 pp. - get paper here
  • Šmíd, J., Göçmen, B., Crochet, P.-A., Trape, J.-F., Mazuch, T., Uvizl, M., & Nagy, Z. T. 2019. Ancient diversification, biogeography, and the role of climatic niche evolution in the Old World cat snakes (Colubridae, Telescopus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner,Y.L. 1988. Herpetofaunal survey of Israel (1950-1985), with comments on Sinai and Jordan and on zoogeographical heterogeneity. in: Yom-Tov,Y. & Tchernov, E. (eds.) The zoogeography of Israel, Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht (Netherlands); ISBN 90-6193-650-0
  • Zinner, H. 1977. The status of Telescopus hoogstraali Schmidt and Marx 1956 and the Telescopus fallax Fleischmann 1831 complex (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology 11 (2): 207-212. - get paper here
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