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Terrapene yucatana (BOULENGER, 1895)

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Emydinae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Yucatan Box Turtle
G: Yucatan-Dosenschildkröte
S: Caja de Yucatán 
SynonymCistudo yucatana BOULENGER 1895: 330
Terrapene yucatana — SIEBENROCK 1909
Terrapene mexicana yucatana — SMITH 1939
Terrapene carolina yucatana — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977
Terrapene carolina yucatana — LINER 1994
Terrapene carolina yucatana — KÖHLER 2000: 23
Terrapene carolina yucatana — RHODIN et al. 2010
Terrapene yucatana — LEGLER & VOGT 2013
Terrapene yucatana — JOHNSON et al. 2017
Terrapene yucatana — TTWG 2017
Terrapene carolina yucatana — SEIDEL & ERNST 2017
Terrapene yucatana — TTWG 2021 
DistributionMexico (Yucatan peninsula: Campeche, Quintana Roo, Yucatán).

Type locality: restricted to Chichen Itzá, Yucatan, Mexico by Smith & Taylor 1950.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1947.3.5.45 (formerly; BMNH 1947.3.5.46 (formerly; BMNH 1947.3.5.47 (formerly 
CommentSubspecies: following Martin et al. (2013) who removed Terrapene carolina triunguis (AGASSIZ 1857), T. c. mexicana (GRAY 1849), and T. c. yucatana (BOULENGER 1895) and assign them to T. mexicana. Spinks et al. 2016 suggested to synonymize mexicana with T. c. triunguis without commenting on the priority issue. Martin et al. (2013) suggested elevating a clade consisting of triunguis, mexicana, and yucatana to a distinct species: Terrapene mexicana ssp. (Martin et al. 2013). This was rejected by Fritz & Havaš 2014. We follow TTWG 2017 who considered both Terrapene carolina yucatana and Terrapene yucatana as valid names (same for mexicana). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1895. On the American Box-tortoises. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6)15: 330-331 - get paper here
  • Butterfield, T & Macip-Rios, R; 2019. Terrapene yucatana (Yucatan Box Turtle) Courtship and mating behavior. Herpetological Review 50 (1): 129-130 - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. & Havas, P. 2007. CHECKLIST OF CHELONIANS OF THE WORLD. Vertebrate Zoology 57(2): 149-368 - get paper here
  • FRITZ, UWE & PETER HAVAŠ 2014. On the reclassification of Box Turtles (Terrapene): A response to Martin et al. (2014). Zootaxa 3835 (2): 295–298 - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Legler, J.M.& Vogt, R.C. 2013. The Turtles of Mexico: Land and Freshwater Forms. University of California Press, 416 pp. - get paper here
  • Martin, Bradley T.; Neil P. Bernstein, Roger D. Birkhead, Jim F. Koukl, Steven M. Mussmann, John S. Placyk Jr. 2013. Sequence-based molecular phylogenetics and phylogeography of the American box turtles (Terrapene spp.) with support from DNA barcoding. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (1): 119–134 - get paper here
  • Milstead, W.W. 1969. Studies on the evolution of box turtles (genus Terrapene). Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 14 (1): 1-113. - get paper here
  • Milstead, W.W., and D.W. Tinkle. 1967. Terrapene of western Mexico, with comments on the species groups in the genus. Copeia 1967 (1): 180-187. - get paper here
  • Seidel, Michael E. & Carl H. Ernst 2017. A Systematic Review of the Turtle Family Emydidae. Vertebrate Zoology 67 (1): 1–122 - get paper here
  • Siebenrock, F. 1909. Zool. Jb., Syst., Jena, Suppl. 10 :492.
  • Smith, H.M., R. Humphrey & D. Chiszar 1996. A Range extension for the Box Turtle Terrapene yucatana Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 32(1): 14-15. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1939. Notes on Mexican reptiles and amphibians. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 24 (4): 15-35 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Anders G.J. Rhodin, John B. iverson, Roger Bour, Uwe Fritz, Arthur GeoRges, H. BRadley Shaffer, and Peter Paul van Dijk 2017. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (8th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Pritchard, P.C.H., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Ed Chelonian Research Monographs 7:1–292. doi: 10.3854/crm.7.checklist.atlas.v8.2017 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J.; van Dijk, P.P.; Iverson, J.B. & Shaffer, H.B. [turtle taxonomy working group] 2010. Turtles of the World, 2010 Update: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v3.2010 - get paper here
  • Wermuth, H., and R. Mertens. 1977. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Testudines, Crocodylia, Rhynchocephalia. Das Tierreich. Berlin. 100: i-xxvii, 1-174 - get paper here
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