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Tetradactylus ellenbergeri (ANGEL, 1922)

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Higher TaxaGerrhosauridae (Gerrhosaurinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Ellen's Whip Lizard 
SynonymParatetradactylus ellenbergeri ANGEL 1922
Tetradactylus boulengeri DE WITTE 1933: 186
Tetradactylus lundensis MONARD 1937
Tetradactylus boulengeri boulengeri — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1942
Tetradactylus boulengeri lundensis — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1942
Tetradactylus fitzsimonsi boulengeri — LOVERIDGE 1942
Tedradactylus [sic!] fitzsimonsi simplex LAURENT 1950: 350
Tetradactylus ellenbergeri boulengeri — LAURENT 1964
Tetradactylus ellenbergeri — BROADLEY 1971
Tetradactylus ellenbergeri — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 19
Tetradactylus ellenbergeri — HAAGNER et al. 2000
Tetradactylus ellenbergeri — SPAWLS et al 2018: 218 
DistributionE Angola, Zambia, S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), SW Tanzania

Type locality: Barotseland, Zambia.
Type locality: Kundelungu Plateau, Shaba, Zaire [Tedradactylus [sic!] fitzsimonsi simplex]  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 1921.0514 
DiagnosisDescription: Tetradactylus ellenbergeri is a snake-like plated lizard from southern central and eastern Africa and the sole member of the genus in Zambia. The genus is character- ized by extremely reduced limbs. In T. ellenbergeri the front limbs are lacking and the hind limbs are reduced to about 2 mm. The tail is long, more than three times longer than the body. Individuals are slightly bluish above, with two median vertebral rows of brown scales. The tempo- ral region is spotted brownish; the underside is pale olive (Wagner et al. 2012). 
CommentReduced hindlimbs.

Distribution: Map in Wagner et a. 2012.

Synonymy: Laurent (1964) considered Paratetradactylus invalid, and transferred the sole species ellenbergeri to Tetradactylus. 
EtymologyNamed after Victor Ellenberger (1879-1972), a Protestant evangelical missionary, naturalist and anthropologist in Southern Africa. He was born to a Swiss family in Lesotho, sent to France for his education, became a French national, and returned to the mission in Africa (1903-1934) before returning to France in 1935. 
  • Angel, F. 1922. Sur un lézard d'un genre nouveau de la famille de Gerrhosauridae. Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat. Paris 28: 150-152 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Berger-Dell'mour, H. A. E. 1983. Der Übergang von Echse zu Schleiche in der Gattung Tetradactylus, Merrem. Zool. Jb. Anat., 110 (1983): 1-152
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1991. The Herpetofauna of Northern Mwinilunga Distr., Northw. Zambia. Arnoldia Zimbabwe 9 (37): 519-538
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Conradie W and Branch WR. 2016. The herpetofauna of the Cubango, Cuito, and lower Cuando river catchments of south-eastern Angola. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 10 (2) [Special Section]: 6–36 - get paper here
  • Haagner,G.V.; Branch,W.R. & Haagner,A.J.F. 2000. Notes on a collection of reptiles from Zambia and adjacent areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Annals of the Eastern Cape Museum 1: 1 – 25
  • Laurent,R.F. 1950. Reptiles nouveaux des Kundelungu. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. (Bruxelles) 43 (4): 349-352
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp; Dennis Rödder & Thomas M. Wilms 2012. New data on the morphology and natural history of Tetradactylus ellenbergeri (Angel, 1922) (Sauria: Gerrhosauridae) and Trachylepis ivensii (Bocage, 1879) (Sauria: Scincidae) in northeastern Zambia. Bonn zoological Bulletin 61 (1): 35–40 - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de 1933. Description de Reptiles nouveaux provenant du Katanga (1930-31). Rev. Zool. Bot. afr., Bruxelles, 23 (2): 185-192
  • Witte, G. F. de 1933. Reptiles récoltés au Conge Belge par le Dr. H. Schouteden et par M. G.-F. Witte. Ann. Mus. Conge belge Zool. Ser. 1 Tome III: 53-100.
  • Witte, G. F. de & R. LAURENT 1942. Contribution à la Faune Herpétologique du Congo belge. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 36 (2): 101-115
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