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Tetradactylus tetradactylus (DAUDIN, 1802)

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Higher TaxaGerrhosauridae (Gerrhosaurinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cape Long-tailed Seps, Longtail Whip Lizard 
SynonymChalcides tetradactylus DAUDIN 1802
Tetradactylus chalcidicus MERREM 1820
Saurophis tetradactylus WAGLER 1830
Saurophis lacepedii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 389
Saurophis lacepedii — GRAVENHORST 1851: 304
Tetradactylus bilineatus HEWITT 1926: 417
Tetradactylus tetradactylus bilineatus LOVERIDGE 1942
Tetradactylus tetradactylus — BRANCH 1990
Tetradactylus tetradactylus — BATES et al. 2014: 235 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa  
TypesHolotype: lost (was MNHN)
Holotype: PEM R9550 [bilineatus] 
CommentType species: Tetradactylus chalcidicus MERREM 1820 is the type species of the genus Tetradactylus MERREM 1820. 
  • BATES, M.F. 2011. Tetradactylus tetradactylus (Daudin, 1802). African Herp News (53): 52-53 - get paper here
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bates, Michael F. 1993. Geographical Distribution. Gerrhosauridae: Tetradactylus tetradactylus (Lacepede, 1803). Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa (Humewood), 42: 41. - get paper here
  • Berger-Dell'mour, H. A. E. 1983. Der Übergang von Echse zu Schleiche in der Gattung Tetradactylus, Merrem. Zool. Jb. Anat., 110 (1983): 1-152
  • Berger-Dell'mour, Hartwig A. E. 1985. The Lizard Genus Tetradactylus: A Model Case of an Evolutionary Process. In: Schuchmann, Karl-L. (Hrsg.): Proceedings of the International Symposium on African Vertebrates. Systematics, Phylogeny and Evolutionary Ecology. - Museum A. Koenig (Bonn); S. 495-510.
  • Branch, W. R. 1990. The genus Tetradactylus (Sauria:Gerrhosaurinae) in the Cape Province, South Africa: New records and their taxonomic status. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa 37: 13-16 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R.; Haagner, Gerald V. & Branch, M. S. 1992. Geographical Distribution. Sauria: Gerrhosauridae: Tetradactylus tetradactylus (Lacepede, 1803). Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa (Humewood), 41: 37. - get paper here
  • Conradie, Werner; Brian Reeves , Neil Brown, & Jan A. Venter 2016. Herpetofauna of the Oviston, Commando Drift and Tsolwana nature reserves in the arid interior of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Indago 32: 81-98 - get paper here
  • CONRADIE, WERNER; WILLIAM R. BRANCH, & GILLIAN WATSON 2019. Type specimens in the Port Elizabeth Museum, South Africa, including the historically important Albany Museum collection. Part 2: Reptiles (Squamata). Zootaxa 4576 (1): 001–045 - get paper here
  • Daudin, F. M. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles, Vol. 4. F. Dufart, Paris, 397 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Essex, R. 1925. Descriptions of two new species of the genus Acontias and notes on some other lizards found in the Cape Province. Rec. Albany Mus. 3: 332-342.
  • Gravenhorst, J. L. C. 1851. Über die im Zoologischen Museum der Universität Breslau Befindlichen Wirtelschleichen (Pseudosaura), Krüppelfüssler (Brachypoda), und einige andere, Denselben verwandte Reptilien aus den Zünften der Schleichen und Dickzüngler [Euprepes striolatus]. Acta Acad. Caes. Leop. Carol. Nat. Cur. 23 (1): 291-394 [1847] - get paper here
  • Hewitt, J. 1915. Descriptions of two new South African lizards, Tetradactylus laevicauda and T. fitzsimonsi. Annals Transvaal Mus. 5 (2): 101-103 - get paper here
  • Hewitt, J. 1926. Descriptions of new and little known lizards and batrachians from South Africa. Annals of the South African Museum 20 (6): 413-431
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