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Thamnodynastes lanei BAILEY, THOMAS & DA SILVA, 2005

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesPortuguese: Cobra-Espada, Corre-Campo 
SynonymThamnodynastes lanei BAILEY, THOMAS & DA SILVA 2005
Thamnodynastes nattereri — BOULENGER 1896: 116
Thamnodynastes nattereri — KOSLOWSKY 1898
Thamnodynastes strigilis — AMARAL 1925
Thamnodynastes pallidus — AMARAL 1926
Thamnodynastes lanei — WALLACH et al. 2014: 718
Thamnodynastes nattereri — COSTA & BÉRNILS 2015
Thamnodynastes lanei — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019
Thamnodynastes lanei — TREVINE et al. 2021 
DistributionBrazil (Mato Grosso do Sul), N Argentina ?, Paraguay, N/E Bolivia.

Type locality: Salobra, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 109081 
DiagnosisDiagnosis - Dorsal scales keeled, usually in 17 rows; cloacal scale divided; maxillary teeth usually 16-17+2G; ventrals 142-l59 in males, 135-153 in females; subcaudals 74-86 in males, 79-85 in females; hemipenis short and slender, ornamented with tiny spines; ventral pattern of four equidistant rows of hollow (double) lines; chin pale with no trace of bars; usually two preoculars per side.

The following characters may be used to separate T. lanei from sympatric congeners that have been described (characters are given for the sympatric species, followed parenthetically by characters of T. lanei): T. pallidus has smooth (vs. keeled) dorsal scales, dorsal scale rows 17- 17-13 or less (vs. 17-17-15), and a single (vs. divided) cloacal scale; T. chaquensis with slightly keeled dorsal scales (vs. keeled), dorsal scale rows 19-19-15 (vs. 17-17-15), and venter heavily suffused with dark pigment (vs. pale); T. attenuata has dorsal scale rows 19-19-15 (vs. 17-17-15).

Character table: Franco et al. 2017, Trevine et al. 2021: 238 (Table 1) 
CommentDistribution: Not listed for Argentina by  GIRAUDO & SCROCCHI 2002. See map in Nogueira et al. 2019.

Synonymy: Specimens of T. lanei have been called T. nattereri, T. strigilis, and T. pallidus in the literature (see BAILEY et al., p. 98). 
EtymologyNamed after the late entomologist Frederico Lane, a teacher and friend of Nelson Jorge da Silva, Jr. 
  • Amaral, A. do 1925. Ophidios de Mato Grosso (Contribuição II para o conhecimento dos ophidios do Brasil). Comm. Linhas Telegraph. Estrat. Matto Grosso ao Amazonas. Comm. Linh. Telegr. Mato Grosso [also listed as Hist. Natural. Zool.] Publ. 84 (Anexo 5): 1-30
  • Amaral,A. do 1926. Notas de ophiologia. I. Sobre a invalidez de um genero e algumas especies de ophidios Sul-Americanos. Rev. Mus. Paulista 14: 17-33
  • Bailey, J.R.; Thomas, R.A.; Jorge da Silva Jr., N. 2005. A revision of the South American snake genus Thamnodynastes Wagler, 1830 (Serpentes, Colubridae, Tachymenini). I. Two new species of Thamnodynastes from Central Brazil and adjacent areas, with a redefinition of and neotype designation for Thamnodynas Phyllomedusa 4 (2): 83-102 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotropica 12 (3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist. SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Eversole, Cord B., Randy L. Powell, Dennis Lizarro and Reinaldo Cholima Bravo. 2016. Thamnodynastes lanei Diet. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 155 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Koslowsky,J. 1898. Ofidios de Matto-Grosso (Brazil). Rev. Mus. La Plata 8: 25-34 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • TREVINE, VIVIAN C.; JOSÉ RANCÉS CAICEDO-PORTILLA, MARINUS HOOGMOED, ROBERT A. THOMAS, FRANCISCO L. FRANCO, GIOVANNA G. MONTINGELLI, MARIELA OSORNO-MUÑOZ, HUSSAM ZAHER 2021. A new species of Thamnodynastes Wagler, 1830 from western Amazonia, with notes on morphology for members of the Thamnodynastes pallidus group (Serpentes, Dipsadidae, Tachymenini). Zootaxa 4952 (2): 235–256 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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