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Toxicocalamus longhagen ROBERTS, IOVA & AUSTIN, 2022

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymToxicocalamus longhagen ROBERTS, IOVA & AUSTIN 2022 (nomen dubium) 
DistributionPapua New Guinea

Type locality: Dobel, Mt. Hagen Town, -5.837603, 144.278022, 1,650 meters a.s.l.  
TypesHolotype. PNGM 22160, 25 February 1967, collector unknown. 
CommentKraus et al. 2023 argued that T. longhagen is a nomen dubium as it is inadequately diagnosed from several other members of the T. loriae group. As a consequence, it cannot be determined at this time whether the name denotes a valid taxon or a synonym of another species of the T. loriae Group. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet, longhagen, is a combination of “long” – a Tok Pisin word meaning ‘from’ and “hagen” that refers to the type locality of Mt. Hagen Town (Fig. 1). Tok Pisin is a uniting and official language of Papua New Guinea, the most linguistically complex region on the planet with more than 800 unique languages (Foley 2010). 
  • KRAUS, Fred; Mark O' SHEA & Hinrich KAISER 2023. Why Toxicocalamus longhagen Roberts, Iova & Austin, 2022 (Serpentes, Elapidae) is a taxonomic nomen dubium Bionomina, 32: 41-51 - get paper here
  • Roberts JR, Iova B, Austin CC 2022. A new species of New Guinea Worm-Eating Snake (Serpentes, Elapidae, Toxicocalamus Boulenger, 1896) from Western Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. Zoosystematics and Evolution 98(2): 399-409 - get paper here
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
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