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Trachylepis occidentalis (PETERS, 1867)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae (Mabuyini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Western three-striped skink 
SynonymEuprepes vittatus var. australis PETERS 1862: 19
Euprepes occidentalis PETERS 1867: 20 (nom. subst.)
Mabuia occidentalis — BOULENGER 1887: 196
Mabuia calaharica WERNER 1910: 350 (fide MERTENS 1955)
Mabuia occidentalis — WERNER 1910: 349
Mabuia occidentalis — WERNER 1910: 43
Mabuya occidentalis — FITZSIMONS & BRAIN 1958
Mabuya occidentalis — AUERBACH 1987: 113
Mabuya occidentalis — GREER et al. 2000
Euprepis occidentalis — MAUSFELD et al. 2002
Mabuya occidentalis — BAUER & BRANCH 2003
Trachylepis occidentalis — BAUER 2003
Trachylepis occidentalis — LOBÓN-ROVIRA et al. 2022
Trachylepis occidentalis — CERIACO et al. 2024: 91 
DistributionNamibia, Republic of South Africa (Karroid areas of the Cape), SW Botswana, S Angola

Type locality: Neu-Barmen, Namibia.

Type locality: Neu-Barmen [= Otjimbingue], Namibia, by implication [Euprepes vittatus var. australis PETERS 1862].  
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 4212, 4212A-B, 4213 (possible), Neu-Barmen, Namibia, collected C.H. Hahn; MNHN-RA 1468 (1867.131, 2787a), West Africa, presented ZMB, 1867; BMNH, Hereroland, presented ZMB (see Bauer et al., 2003). Only three of these six specimens are syntypes, but it is not possible to determine which of the six are the syntypes. See also BRYGOO 1985. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Ceriaco et al. 2024: 94 
CommentThe original name is pre-occupied by Euprepes australis (Gray, 1839) [= Ctenotus australis (Gray, 1839)]. The replacement name has been chosen to avoid confusion with the Australian Tiliqua australis GRAY 1838, which was included in the genus Euprepes by STEINDACHNER 1867 (fide BROADLEY 2000).

Distribution: see map in Ceriaco et al. 2024: 93 (Fig. 74). 
EtymologyThe specific name occidentalis (Latin) refers to the western distribution of this species. 
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  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
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  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
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