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Trapelus flavimaculatus RÜPPELL, 1835

IUCN Red List - Trapelus flavimaculatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Yellow-spotted Agama 
SynonymTrapelus flavimaculatus RÜPPELL 1835: 12
Agama flavimaculata — ANDERSON 1896: 31
Agama jayakari ANDERSON 1896: 65 (fide ARNOLD 1980)
Agama flavimaculata — BOULENGER 1919: 112
Agama flavimaculata — LOVERIDGE 1936: 52
Agama jayakari — HAAS 1957: 67
Agama jayakari — WERMUTH 1967: 16
Agama jayakari — LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967: 159
Agama flavimaculata — WERMUTH 1967: 13
Agama flavimaculata — ARNOLD 1986
Trapelus flavimaculatus — JOGER 1987: 259
Trapelus jayakari — ANDERSON 1999
Trapelus jayakari — HENKEL 2003
Trapelus flavimaculatus — BARTS & WILMS 2003
Trapelus jayakari — WAGNER et al. 2011 
DistributionW Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Qatar

Type locality: Djetta, Arabien.

jayakari: Saudi Arabia; Type locality: Maskat  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1920.1.20.1241
Types: BMNH 1946.8.14.86-91 (and possibly additional specimens) []jayakari] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (jayakari): This species is closely allied to A. flavimaculata, Rüppell, from Jiddah, but is distinguished from it by its large, regular, strongly keeled and mucronate scales, by its less cordate head, which is shorter than the tibia, and by the more strongly keeled character of its caudal scales. It also attains to a greater size, and the scales on the back of the head are somewhat more spinose than in A. flavimaculata, Rüppell. The entire absence of preanal pores and callose scales in these two species necessitates an alteration in the hitherto accepted definition of the genus Agama (Anderson 1896: 67). 
CommentSynonymy: Trapelus jayakari has been synonymized with Trapelus flavimaculatus by Arnold 1986.

Distribution: See map in Burriel-Carranza et al. 2019 for map in UAE. Not in Egypt (El Din 2006). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “flavus” = yellow and “macula” = spots, for the yellow spots.

Agama jayakari was named after Atmaram S. Jayakar (1844-1911), Indian surgeon, sent to Muscat by the Indian Medical Service. 
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