You are here » home advanced search search results Trapelus persicus

Trapelus persicus (BLANFORD, 1881)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Trapelus persicus?

Add your own observation of
Trapelus persicus »

We have no photos, try to find some by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesTrapelus persicus persicus (BLANFORD 1881)
Trapelus persicus fieldii (HAAS & WERNER 1969) 
Common NamesE: Olivier’s (Horny-scaled) Agama, Baluch ground agama
G: Ruinenagame, Syrische Agame, Dornschuppenhautagame
E: Anderson's Agama, Persia Agama (blanfordi)
F: agame à peau rugueuse 
SynonymAgama persica BLANFORD 1881: 674
Agama persica — BOULENGER 1885: 345
Agama persica — HAAS 1957
Agama blanfordi ANDERSON 1966 (nom. nov. pro Agama persica)
Agama blanfordi — WERMUTH 1967: 10
Trapelus persicus — MACEY et al. 2000
Trapelus ruderatus — RASTEGAR-POUYANI 2000
Trapelus persicus — DISI et al. 2001
Trapelus persicus — ŠMÍD et al. 2014
Trapelus persicus — YOUSEFKHANI et al. 2016
Trapelus persicus — SHAHAMAT et al. 2020

Trapelus persicus fieldii (HAAS & WERNER 1969)
Agama persicus fieldii HAAS & WERNER 1969: 337
Agama persica BOULENGER 1920
Agama blanfordi fieldi — WERNER 1971
Trapelus blanfordi MOODY 1980
Agama (Trapelus) blanfordi fieldi — ARNOLD 1986
Trapelus blanfordi fieldi — AL-QURAN 2009
Trapelus ruderatus fieldi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Trapelus persicus fieldi — AMR 2011
Trapelus ruderatus fieldi — AL-SHAMMARI 2012
Trapelus persicus fieldii — DISI et al. 2014
Trapelus persicus fieldi — AFRASIAB et al. 2018 
DistributionSyria, Lebanon, Jordan, N Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran

ruderatus: Type locality: restricted to “near Ispahan,” = Isfahan, in central Iran (ANANJEVA et al. 2013). The former type locality, established by Rastegar-Pouyani (2000), between Bandar-e-Ganaveh-Borazjan (50°45'E, 29°35'W), Bushehr Province, SW Iran, is invalid fide Ananjeva et al. 2013.

fieldii: Jordan, Saudi Arabia; Type locality: Between Al-Qaysumeh and Turaif, NE Saudi Arabia

blanfordi (invalid): Jordan, N Saudi Arabia, S Iraq, SW Iran (Kavir desert), Kuwait, E Syria; Type locality: Dehbid and Kázrun. Type locality: Arabian Peninsula; “Perse et au Nord de l’Arabie” (fide WERMUTH 1967)

lessonae (invalid): Lebanon, Turkey (Anatolia), S Azerbaijan, Syria, Lebanon, W Jordan, Iraq, W Iran; Type locality: “Persia”  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.11.30 (ex. BMNH, BMNH 1946.8.11.39-42 (ex. BMNH
Holotype: MCZ 56866 [fieldii] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (persicus): Dorsal scales heterogeneous, back and flanks with intermixed scales ofvarying sizes; ventral body scales distinctly keeled; at least anterior oval vertebral spots linked together to form undulating gray or lavender stripe on neck and back, bordered by darker brown stripes extending onto dorsal surface ofhead; male with distinct gular sac.

Color pattern: A dark stripe on side of neck extends across temporal region to eye, and a brown stnpe crosses head at level ofanterior part ofthe orbits. There is a tendency for the paravertebral light spots to link together to form longitudinal lines, these elements partIcularly noticeable in the young. In mature males the dorsal pattem is less distinct, and back and flanks are flecked with white. Often these white flecks are single, slightly enlarged scales, and the effect is to make these scales look larger, the pholidosis more heterogeneous (Fig. B in key, page 100). All have a pattem of six crossbars containing vertebral and paravertebral light spots from shoulders to sacrum. (Anderson 1999: 104, Figs. 52 b,d)

Diagnosis (fieldi): Dorsal scales heterogeneous, back and flanks with intermixed scales of varying sizes; ventral body scales distinctly keeled; conspicuous dorsal pattern ofdark and light longitudinal stripes and a distinct, though fainter, vertebral pattern. 
CommentSynonymy: T. persicus has been synonymized with T. ruderatus (by Rastegar-Pouyani 1999) and then revalidated by Ananjeva 2013, hence there has been some confusion with T. ruderatus (see that entry), reflected in very different range maps for the two species.

Habitat: Hosseinian-Yousefkhani et al. 2016 analyzed ecological niches of T. ruderatus and T. persicus but their paper is rather vague about actual habitats. It seems that T. pesicus has a strong preference for the lowlands while ruderatus is more of a highland species (see also maps in Smid et al. 2014: 76).

Types: RASTEGAR-POUYANI (2000) showed that the specimen considered to be the holotype of Agama ruderata (MNHN 2610) was in fact referable to another species, Trapelus persicus (Blanford, 1881) (see ANDERSON, 1999). See also synonymy.

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014: 76 (map 21, 22) for distribution in Iran. For a combined map of T. ruderatus and T. persicus see Sindaco & Eremchenko 2008: 331 (map 102). Distribution needs correction for split of ruderatus and persicus.

NCBI taxonID: 2689121 [lessonae] 
EtymologyEtymology (blanfordi): Agama blanfordi has been named after William Thomas Blanford (1832 - 1905), member of the Geological Survey of India.

Etymology (lessonae): Named after Michele Lessona, Italian zoologist. 
  • Abel, E. 1952. Zur Biologie von Agama agilis und Agama ruderata. Zool. Anz. 149: 125-133
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see]
  • Al-Shammari, Ahmed M. 2012. Additional Records of Lizards in Ha'il Province, Saudi Arabia. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 287-291 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, N. & Orlov, N. 2005. Lizards of North Eurasia. Reptilia (GB) (38): 54-63 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, Natalia Borisovna; Patrick David, Andrei Barabanov, Alain Dubois 2013. On the Type Specimens of Trapelus ruderatus (Olivier, 1804) and Some Nomenclatural Problems on Trapelus Cuvier, 1816 (Agamidae, Sauria). Russ. J. Herpetol. 20 (3): 197-202 - get paper here
  • Anderson, S.C. 1963. Amphibians and Reptiles from Iran. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. Ser. 4, 31(16): 417-498 - get paper here
  • Anderson, S.C. 1966. A substitute name for Agama persica Blanford. Herpetologica 22 (3): 230 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Baran, İ., M. Kasparek & M. Öz 1989. On the distribution of four species of Agama (Agamidae) in Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East 3: 37-48 - get paper here
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Berger-Dell'mour, H. 1986. Zur Herpetofauna des Golan [Syria]. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. in Wien (Ser. B) 87: 59-67. - get paper here
  • Bird, C. G. 1936. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in Asiatic Turkey with notes on a collection from the Vilayets of Adana, Gaziantep and Malatya. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10) 18: 257-281. - get paper here
  • Blanford, W.T. 1881. On a collection of Persian reptiles recently added to the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881: 671-682 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Clark, R. J., Clark, E. D., Anderson, S. C. and Leviton, A. E. 1969. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 36: 279-316. - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Esterbauer, H. 1992. Die Herpetofauna des östlichen Golan-und Hermon gebietes Funde und Bemerkungen zur Systematik und Ökologie. Zoology in the Middle East 7: 21-54. - get paper here
  • Fathinia, Behzad, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Ali M. Bahrami and Gholamreza Abdali. 2011. Comparative skull anatomy and dentition of Trapelus lessonae and T. ruderatus (Sauria: Agamidae) from Ilam Province, Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 18 (2): 83-92 - get paper here
  • Fathinia, Bezad and Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani 2011. Sexual dimorphism in Trapelus ruderatus ruderatus (Sauria: Agamidae) with notes on the natural history. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (1): 15-22 - get paper here
  • Fathnia, B.; N. Rastegar Pouyani; M. Sampour; A.M. Bahrami; G. Jaafari 2009. The lizard fauna of Ilam province, Southwestern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Filippi, F. de 1865. Note di un Viaggio in Persia nel 1862. G. Daelli & C. Editori, Milan, xi + 369 p. - get paper here
  • Forcart, Lothar 1950. Amphibien und Reptilien von Iran. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 61: 141-156
  • Frynta,D. et al. 1997. Results of the Czech biological expedition to Iran. Part 1. Notes on the distribution of amphibians and reptiles. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 61: 3-17
  • Haas G. and Werner, Y. L. 1969. Lizards and snakes from Southwestern Asia, collected by Henry Field. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138: 327-406. - get paper here
  • Haas, Georg 1957. Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (3): 47-86 - get paper here
  • Hillmann, B. 2003. Herpetologische Eindrücke aus dem Iran. Elaphe 11 (4): 61-71
  • Hosseinian-Yousefkhani, Seyyed Saeed; Omid MIRSHAMSI, Cetin ILGAZ, Yusuf KUMLUTAS and Aziz AVCI 2016. Ecological Niche Divergence between Trapelus ruderatus (Olivier, 1807) and T. persicus (Blanford, 1881) (Sauria: Agamidae) in the Middle East. Asian Herpetological Research 7 (2): 96-102, DOI:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.150032 - get paper here
  • Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46 - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. CHECKLIST AND KEY TO THE LIZARDS OF PAKISTAN. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (1): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Kreutz, Rolf 1988. Zur Haltung und Zucht von Agama ruderata. Herpetofauna 10 (54): 6-11 - get paper here
  • Leviton, A. E. and Anderson, S. C. 1970. The amphibians and reptiles of Afghanistan, a checklist and key to the herpetofauna. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 38: 163-206. - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Minton, S. A. Jr. 1966. A contribution to the herpetology of West Pakistan. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 134: 29-184.
  • Olivier, G.A. 1807. Voyage dans l’Empire Othoman, l’Egypte et la Perse, Tome IV. Agasse, Paris, 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Rastegar-Pouyani, N. 1998. Systematics and distribution of the Iranian species of Trapelus (Sauria: Agamidae) a review. Russ. J. Herpetol. 5 (2): - get paper here
  • Rastegar-Pouyani, N., Eftekharzadeh, G., Imani, A. & Hosseini, S. 2013. Sexual dimorphism in Trapelus lessonae (De Filippi, 1865) (Sauria: Agamidae) from western Iranian Plateau. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 9 (2): 125
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Rastegar-Pouyani,N. 2000. Taxonomic status of Trapelus ruderatus (Olivier) and T. persicus (Blanford), and validity of T. lessonae (De Filippi). Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (1): 91-102 - get paper here
  • Shahamat A, Rastegarpouyani E, Rastegar-Pouyani N, Hosseinian Yousefkhani SS, Wink M. 2020. Molecular phylogeny and intraspecific differentiation of the Trapelus agilis species complex in Iran (Squamata: Agamidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. PeerJ 8:e8295 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Torki, F. 2006. Spermatogenesis in the agama Trapelus lessonae (Agamidae: Reptilia) in the Central Zagros Mountains, Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 38: 21-28 - get paper here
  • Torki, F. 2007. Der Einfluss der Winterruhe auf den Testikularzyklus und dessen Auslösung bei Trapelus lessonae (Reptilia: Agamidae) während des Ruhezustands. Salamandra 43 (4): 245-248 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2006. Dünne Luft - eine Exkursion ins Hochland des Irans und die Türkei. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (59): 40-49 - get paper here
  • VAN WYK, J. ; 2001. Seasional variation in stomach contents and diet composition in the large girdled lizard, Cordylus giganteus (Reptilia: Cordylidae) in the Highveld grassland of the northeastern Free State, South Africa. African Journal of Herpetology 35 (1): 9 - 27 - get paper here
  • Werner, Y. L. 1971. Lizards and snakes from Transjordan, recently acquired by the British Museum (Natural Hisrory). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology21: 213-256. - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator