You are here » home advanced search Trapelus ruderatus

Trapelus ruderatus (OLIVIER, 1804)

IUCN Red List - Trapelus ruderatus - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Trapelus ruderatus?

Add your own observation of
Trapelus ruderatus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Olivier’s (Horny-scaled) Agama, Baluch ground agama
G: Ruinenagame, Syrische Agame, Dornschuppenhautagame
F: agame à peau rugueuse 
SynonymAgama ruderata OLIVIER 1804: 395
Agama mutabilis (MERREM 1820) (part.)
Agama (Eremioplanis) lessonae DE FILIPPI 1865: 353
Trapelus ruderatus — ANDERSON 1872: 384
Agama (Trapelus) ruderata — BLANFORD 1881: 672
Trapelus ruderata — MÜLLER 1882 (1880): 163
Agama ruderata — BOULENGER 1885: 348
Agama ruderatus — MURRAY 1892: 70
Agama ruderata ruderata — SMITH 1935: 223
Agama ruderata — WERMUTH 1967: 21
Trapelus ruderatus — MOODY 1980
Agama ruderata — KREUTZ 1988
Trapelus ruderatus ruderatus — LEVITON et al. 1992: 22
Trapelus ruderatus — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Trapelus ruderatus — RASTEGAR-POUYANI 2000
Trapelus lessonae — RASTEGAR-POUYANI 2000: 91
Trapelus lessonae — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Trapelus ruderatus — NASRABADI et al. 2017 
DistributionSoviet Union (Caucasus), S Azerbaijan, Turkey (Anatolia),
Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, N Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, N Pakistan

ruderatus: Type locality: restricted to “near Ispahan,” = Isfahan, in central Iran (ANANJEVA et al. 2013). The former type locality, established by Rastegar-Pouyani (2000), between Bandar-e-Ganaveh-Borazjan (50°45'E, 29°35'W), Bushehr Province, SW Iran, is invalid fide Ananjeva et al. 2013.

lessonae (invalid): Lebanon, Turkey (Anatolia), S Azerbaijan, Syria, Lebanon, W Jordan, Iraq, W Iran; Type locality: “Persia”  
TypesNeotype: MRSN = MZUT R307, adult female (formerly the holotype of T. lessonae), designated by Ananjeva et al. 2013. RASTEGAR-POUYANI 2000 and Ananjeva et al. 2013 note that the (former) holotype of Trapelus ruderatus (MNHN 2610) is a subadult T. persicus. The holotype of Trapelus lessonae (MZUT R307) is a “typical” Trapelus ruderatus ruderatus. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Nostril below canthus rostralis; dorsal scales heterogeneous, back and flanks with scales sizes intennixed; 80-121 scales around widest part of body; upper surface o f thIgh wIth patch o f enlarged scales among smaller scales; callose preanal scales in two or three rows; small patch ofscales on neckjust posterior to occiput in which direction o f imbrication is reversed, i.e., with anterior margins imbricate; males without gular sac (from Anderson 1999: 108).

Color pattern: Trapelus ruderatus ruderatus: Dorsum sandy gray or grayish brown; five transverse bars on trunk, interrupted by vertebral series of light subquadrangular to ovoId spots, and one or two less distinct dorsolateral series on each side; tail also with dark bars interrupted by light vertebral spots; pattern sometimes indistinct males; limbs indistinctly barred with brown; males with light blue cast on chin (at least seasonally),sometimes a rufous tlnge to entire venter. Apparently considerable metachrosis is possible, as in T. Trapelus r. megalonyx: Dorsal pattern much like that of T. r. ruderatus, but vertebral light spots often clearly margined with very dark brown; up to three additional series of dark-edged spots on each side ofthe vertebral line within the dark transverse bars which are narrower than the interspaces; often dark bars enclosing light spots on limbs as well as back and tail; dark bar crosses head between eyes. In life transverse bars of females red (seasonal?), those of males dark brown or gray; throat pink in females; throat of males slatey: or wIth longitudinal gray stripes, venter flecked with gray (Anderson 1999: 108, citing Clark, et al., 1969: 293). 
CommentSynonymy: BOULENGER (1885) listed three species in the synonymy of Agama ruderata Olivier, 1804, a species known as Trapelus ruderatus following Moody’s (1980) revision: (1) Agama mutabilis, in part, a distinct, valid species; (2) Agama loricata Reuss, 1834, now considered a junior synonym of Trapelus mutabilis (Merrem, 1820); and (3) Agama lessonae De Filippi, 1865, a junior objective synonym of Agama ruderata Olivier, 1804. RASTEGAR-POUYANI (2000) suggested that populations long identified as Trapelus persicus (Blanford, 1881) should have to be known as Trapelus ruderatus (Olivier, 1804), and designated a lectotype and type locality. Populations formerly known as Trapelus ruderatus should come under the name Trapelus lessonae (De Filippi, 1865), the second available name for this taxon. However, RASTEGAR-POUYANI (2000) overlooked the fact that Agama ruderata had not been described from a single specimen but also from the specimen depicted in the Atlas of Oliver (1804: Pl. 29: Fig. 3). ANANJEVA et al. (2013) showed that this specimen was distinct from the alleged “holotype” and indeed referable to Agama ruderata as currently conceived. As a consequence, ANANJEVA et al. (2013), in agreement with the Code, designated a neotype for A. ruderata in order to resolve the problems of nomenclature and avoid further complications and confusions. For several reasons, these authors selected the holotype of Agama lessonae De Filippi 1865, a “typical” Trapelus ruderatus ruderatus; A. lessonae De Filippi in 1865 became thus an objective junior synonym of A. ruderata Olivier, 1804.

Types: RASTEGAR-POUYANI (2000) showed that the specimen considered to be the holotype of Agama ruderata (MNHN 2610) was in fact referable to another species, Trapelus persicus (Blanford, 1881) (see ANDERSON, 1999). See also synonymy.

Distribution: not in Turkey fide SINDACO & JEREMCENKO 2008. However, these authors do recognize T. lessonae. See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. Not in Afghanistan fide Wagner et al. 2017. Not in Israel where it is replaced by T. agnetae.

NCBI taxonID: 2689121 [lessonae] 
EtymologyEtymology (blanfordi): Agama blanfordi has been named after William Thomas Blanford (1832 - 1905), member of the Geological Survey of India.

Etymology (lessonae): Named after Michele Lessona, Italian zoologist. 
  • Abdel-Hady, A. E., El-Amir, S. M., Al-Muttri, N. S., & El-Hariri, H. M. 2021. Scale Microornamentation in Some Lizard Species. Pakistan J. Zool., pp 1-7 - get paper here
  • Abel, E. 1952. Zur Biologie von Agama agilis und Agama ruderata. Zool. Anz. 149: 125-133
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see]
  • Al-Shammari, Ahmed M. 2012. Additional Records of Lizards in Ha'il Province, Saudi Arabia. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 287-291 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, N. & Orlov, N. 2005. Lizards of North Eurasia. Reptilia (GB) (38): 54-63 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, Natalia Borisovna; Patrick David, Andrei Barabanov, Alain Dubois 2013. On the Type Specimens of Trapelus ruderatus (Olivier, 1804) and Some Nomenclatural Problems on Trapelus Cuvier, 1816 (Agamidae, Sauria). Russ. J. Herpetol. 20 (3): 197-202 - get paper here
  • Anderson, S.C. 1963. Amphibians and Reptiles from Iran. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. Ser. 4, 31(16): 417-498 - get paper here
  • Anderson, S.C. 1966. A substitute name for Agama persica Blanford. Herpetologica 22 (3): 230 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Baran, İ., M. Kasparek & M. Öz 1989. On the distribution of four species of Agama (Agamidae) in Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East 3: 37-48 - get paper here
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Berger-Dell'mour, H. 1986. Zur Herpetofauna des Golan [Syria]. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. in Wien (Ser. B) 87: 59-67. - get paper here
  • Bird, C. G. 1936. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in Asiatic Turkey with notes on a collection from the Vilayets of Adana, Gaziantep and Malatya. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10) 18: 257-281. - get paper here
  • Blanford, W.T. 1881. On a collection of Persian reptiles recently added to the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881: 671-682 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Clark, R. J., Clark, E. D., Anderson, S. C. and Leviton, A. E. 1969. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 36: 279-316. - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Esterbauer, H. 1992. Die Herpetofauna des östlichen Golan-und Hermon gebietes Funde und Bemerkungen zur Systematik und Ökologie. Zoology in the Middle East 7: 21-54. - get paper here
  • Fathinia, Behzad, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Ali M. Bahrami and Gholamreza Abdali. 2011. Comparative skull anatomy and dentition of Trapelus lessonae and T. ruderatus (Sauria: Agamidae) from Ilam Province, Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 18 (2): 83-92 - get paper here
  • Fathinia, Bezad and Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani 2011. Sexual dimorphism in Trapelus ruderatus ruderatus (Sauria: Agamidae) with notes on the natural history. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (1): 15-22 - get paper here
  • Fathnia, B.; N. Rastegar Pouyani; M. Sampour; A.M. Bahrami; G. Jaafari 2009. The lizard fauna of Ilam province, Southwestern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Filippi, F. de 1865. Note di un Viaggio in Persia nel 1862. G. Daelli & C. Editori, Milan, xi + 369 p. - get paper here
  • Forcart, Lothar 1950. Amphibien und Reptilien von Iran. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 61: 141-156
  • Frynta,D. et al. 1997. Results of the Czech biological expedition to Iran. Part 1. Notes on the distribution of amphibians and reptiles. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 61: 3-17
  • Haas G. and Werner, Y. L. 1969. Lizards and snakes from Southwestern Asia, collected by Henry Field. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138: 327-406. - get paper here
  • Haas, Georg 1957. Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (3): 47-86 - get paper here
  • Hillmann, B. 2003. Herpetologische Eindrücke aus dem Iran. Elaphe 11 (4): 61-71
  • Hosseinian-Yousefkhani, Seyyed Saeed; Omid MIRSHAMSI, Cetin ILGAZ, Yusuf KUMLUTAS and Aziz AVCI 2016. Ecological Niche Divergence between Trapelus ruderatus (Olivier, 1807) and T. persicus (Blanford, 1881) (Sauria: Agamidae) in the Middle East. Asian Herpetological Research 7 (2): 96-102, DOI:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.150032 - get paper here
  • Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46 - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. CHECKLIST AND KEY TO THE LIZARDS OF PAKISTAN. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (1): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Kreutz, Rolf 1988. Zur Haltung und Zucht von Agama ruderata. Herpetofauna 10 (54): 6-11 - get paper here
  • Leviton, A. E. and Anderson, S. C. 1970. The amphibians and reptiles of Afghanistan, a checklist and key to the herpetofauna. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 38: 163-206. - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Minton, S. A. Jr. 1966. A contribution to the herpetology of West Pakistan. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 134: 29-184. - get paper here
  • NASRABADI, REZA; NASRULLAH RASTEGAR-POUYANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI, AHMAD GHARZI 2017. A revised key to the lizards of Iran (Reptilia: Squamata: Lacertilia). Zootaxa 4227 (3): 431–443 - get paper here
  • Olivier, G.A. 1807. Voyage dans l’Empire Othoman, l’Egypte et la Perse, Tome IV. Agasse, Paris, 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Pola, L., Hejduk, V., Winkelhöfer, T., Zíka, A., Baker, M. A. A., & Amr, Z. S. 2020. Recent Observations on Amphibians and Reptiles in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Jordan Journal of Natural History, 7: 11-29 - get paper here
  • Rahimi, E., Rastegar Pouyani, N., & Karamiani, R. 2020. The Lizard Fauna of Arsanjan County, Northeast Fars Province. Journal of Animal Research (Iranian Journal of Biology) - get paper here
  • Rastegar-Pouyani, N. 1998. Systematics and distribution of the Iranian species of Trapelus (Sauria: Agamidae) a review. Russ. J. Herpetol. 5 (2): - get paper here
  • Rastegar-Pouyani, N., Eftekharzadeh, G., Imani, A. & Hosseini, S. 2013. Sexual dimorphism in Trapelus lessonae (De Filippi, 1865) (Sauria: Agamidae) from western Iranian Plateau. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 9 (2): 125
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Rastegar-Pouyani,N. 2000. Taxonomic status of Trapelus ruderatus (Olivier) and T. persicus (Blanford), and validity of T. lessonae (De Filippi). Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (1): 91-102 - get paper here
  • Shahamat A, Rastegarpouyani E, Rastegar-Pouyani N, Hosseinian Yousefkhani SS, Wink M. 2020. Molecular phylogeny and intraspecific differentiation of the Trapelus agilis species complex in Iran (Squamata: Agamidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. PeerJ 8:e8295 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Torki, F. 2006. Spermatogenesis in the agama Trapelus lessonae (Agamidae: Reptilia) in the Central Zagros Mountains, Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 38: 21-28 - get paper here
  • Torki, F. 2007. Der Einfluss der Winterruhe auf den Testikularzyklus und dessen Auslösung bei Trapelus lessonae (Reptilia: Agamidae) während des Ruhezustands. Salamandra 43 (4): 245-248 - get paper here
  • Torki, Farhang 2011. Influence of climatic gradient on spermatogenesis timing of Trapelus lessonae (Sauria, Agamidae) in the Zagros Mountains, Iran. Herpetological Bulletin (118) - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2006. Dünne Luft - eine Exkursion ins Hochland des Irans und die Türkei. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (59): 40-49 - get paper here
  • VAN WYK, J. ; 2001. Seasional variation in stomach contents and diet composition in the large girdled lizard, Cordylus giganteus (Reptilia: Cordylidae) in the Highveld grassland of the northeastern Free State, South Africa. African Journal of Herpetology 35 (1): 9 - 27 - get paper here
  • Werner, Y. L. 1971. Lizards and snakes from Transjordan, recently acquired by the British Museum (Natural Hisrory). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology21: 213-256. - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator