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Tretanorhinus nigroluteus COPE, 1861

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesTretanorhinus nigroluteus nigroluteus COPE 1861
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus lateralis BOCOURT 1891 
Common NamesE: Orange-bellied Swampsnake, Orangebelly Swamp Snake
S: Buceadora 
SynonymTretanorhinus nigroluteus COPE 1861: 298
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus — COPE 1885: 183
Tretanorhinus lateralis BOCOURT 1893 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus — BOULENGER 1893: 282
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus dichromaticus VILLA 1969
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus obscurus VILLA 1969
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 306
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus — LINER 1994
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus — LINER 2007
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 736

Tretanorhinus nigroluteus nigroluteus COPE 1861
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus COPE 1861: 298
Helicops Agassizi JAN 1865: 248
Helicops bifrenatus BOCOURT 1884: 134
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus —BOCOURT 1891: 122
Tretanorhinus intermedius ROSÉN 1905: 171
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus nigroluteus — DUNN 1939: 216
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus nigroluteus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970

Tretanorhinus nigroluteus lateralis BOCOURT 1891
Tretanorhinus lateralis BOCOURT 1891: 122
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus lateralis — DUNN 1939: 216
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus mertensi SMITH & GILLESPIE in SMITH 1965
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus lateralis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 306
Tretanorhinus nigroluteus lateralis — HENDERSON & HOEVERS 1979 
DistributionMexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Quintana Roo, Campeche), Guatemala,
Honduras (Islas de la Bahia and Utila), Nicaragua, Belize,
El Salvador ?, Costa Rica, Panama

Type locality: “Greytown, Nicaragua”

dichromaticus: Honduras (Roatan Island); Type locality: between 2 and 5 kms north of Coxen Hole, Roatan Island, Honduras.

lateralis: Belize

mertensi: Mexico (Veracruz) south to Guatemala; Type locality: north edge of Lake Catemaco, 5 km east of Catemaco, Veracruz, Mexico.

obscurus: Nicaragua (Corn Island).  
TypesSyntypes: MCZ R-826, USNM 5568 (holotype in their catalogue).
Holotype: LACM 44426 [dichromaticus]
Syntypes: MNHN-RA 1891.0280-0281 (2 syntypes) [lateralis]
Holotype: INHS (= UIMNH) 55937 (University of Illinois Museum of Natural History), young male [mertensi]
Holotype: UCR 1888 (orig. JV 66162), collected by Jaime D. Villa on 23 January 1966 [obscurus] 
CommentIllustration: Color plate 73 in Villa et al. 1988.

Subspecies: Wilson & Meyer 1985 reject the two subspecies Tretanorhinus nigroluteus dichromaticus VILLA 1969 and Tretanorhinus nigroluteus obscurus VILLA 1969, an opinion that was adopted by subsequent aurhors, e.g. Köhler 2008: 295.

Synonymy: mainly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. HENDERSON & HOEVERS 1979 suggested to synonymize mertensi with lateralis.

Distribution: not in Yucatan state (Mexico), fide Gonzalez-Sanchez et al. 2017. 
  • Bahena Basave,H. 1995. Herpetological Review 26 (1): 46 - get paper here
  • Barbour,T. & Loveridge,A. 1929. Amphibians and reptiles [of the Corn Islands, Nicaragua]. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 69: 138-146 - get paper here
  • Barquero, M.D.; Campos Chinchilla, P. & Valverde, R. 2005. Tretanorhinus nigroluteus - Biology and captive maintenance of the Orangebelly Swamp Snake. Reptilia (GB) (42): 47-52 - get paper here
  • Bocourt, M. F 1891. Sur quelques ophidiens de l’Amerique intertropicale. Le Naturaliste (2) 5: 121-122 - get paper here
  • Bocourt,M.F. 1884. Note sur quelques ophidiens nouveaux, provenant de l'Amerique inter-tropicale. Bull. Soc. Philomath. Paris (7) 8: 133-142 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
  • Cedeño-Vázquez, J R; Beutelspacher-García, P M & Nahuat-Cervera, P E; 2018. Geographic Distribution: Tretanorhinus nigroluteus (Orange-bellied Swamp Snake). Herpetological Review 49 (4): 719-720 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Contributions to the ophiology of Lower California, Mexico and Central America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 292-306 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • Dunn,E.R. 1939. Mainland forms of the snake genus Tretanorhinus Cope. Copeia 1939 (4): 212-217. - get paper here
  • García-Balderas, Christian M., Rubén A. Carbajal-Márquez and J. Rogelio Cedeño-Vázquez. 2016. Distribution Notes. Tretanorhinus nigroluteus Cope, 1861. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 200 - get paper here
  • González-Sánchez, V. H., J. D. Johnson, E. García-Padilla, V. Mata-Silva, D. L. DeSantis and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The Herpetofauna of the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 264–380 - get paper here
  • Guerra Centeno, Dennis; Héctor Fuentes Rousselin & David Morán Villatoro 2012. Serpientes de Guatemala: Guía para didentificación de especies. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, 186 pp.
  • Hedges SB, Powell R, Henderson RW, Hanson S, and Murphy JC 2019. Definition of the Caribbean Islands biogeographic region, with checklist and recommendations for standardized common names of amphibians and reptiles. Caribbean Herpetology 67: 1–53
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Henderson, R. W., & HOEVERS, L. G. 1979. Variation in the snake Tretanorhinus nigroluteus lateralis in Belize with notes on breeding tubercles. Herpetologica 35 (3): 245-248. - get paper here
  • Hilje B, Chaves G, Klank J, Timmerman F, Feltham J, Gillingwater S, Piraino T, Rojas E 2020. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Tirimbina Biological Reserve: a baseline for conservation, research and environmental education in a lowland tropical wet forest in Costa Rica. Check List 16(6): 1633-1655 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Enumerazione sistematica degli ofidi appartenenti ai gruppo Potamophilidae. Archive per la Zoologia, l’Anatomia et la Fisiologia 3 (2): 201-265 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Neill, Wilfred T. and E. Ross Allen. 1959. Studies on the amphibians and reptiles of British Honduras. Publications of the Research Division Ross Allen's Reptiles Institute. 2 (1): 1-76
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Rosén, N. 1905. List of the snakes in the Zoological Museum of Lund and Malmö, with descriptions of new species and a new genus. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 15: 168-181 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1965. Two new colubrid snakes from the United States and Mexico. Journal of the Ohio Herpetological Society 5 (1): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Stuart, L. C. 1937. Some further notes on the amphibians and reptiles of the Peten Forest of Northern Guatemala. Copeia 1937 (1): 67-70 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Vásquez-Restrepo, Juan D. 2020. Validating the Two Records of Mocquard’s Swampsnake, Tretanorhinus mocquardi Bocourt 1891 (Dipsadidae), in Colombia, with Comments on the Taxonomy of Mainland Swampsnakes. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (2): 314-317 - get paper here
  • Villa, J., Wilson, L.D., Johnson, J.D. 1988. Middle American Herpetology - A Bibliographic Checklist. University of Missouri Press, 132 pp [review in Copeia 1989 (3): 802]
  • Villa,J. 1969. Two New Insular Subspecies of the Natricid Snake Tretanorhinus nigroluteus Cope from Honduras and Nicaragua. Journal of Herpetology 3 (4): 145-150 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, L. D., & MEYER, J. R. 1985. The Snakes of Honduras. 2d ed. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Publ., Biol. & Geol. No. 6, 150 pp.
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