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Trilepida koppesi (AMARAL, 1955)

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Epictini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Amaral's Blind Snake
Portuguese: Cobra-Cega, Cobra-de-Chumbinho 
SynonymLeptotyphlops koppesi AMARAL 1955
Leptotyphlops koppesi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 34
Tricheilostoma koppesi — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Trilepida koppesi — HEDGES 2011
Tricheilostoma koppesi — PINTO & FERNANDES 2012
Trilepida koppesi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 739
Trilepida koppesi — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Mato Grosso, Distrito Federal, Bahia, Goiás: HR 33: 228, Minas Gerais).

Type locality: Terenos, Mato Grosso, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: IBSP (= IB) 8883 (Instituto Butantan) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Leptotyphlops koppesi can be distinguished from all members of L. dulcis species group by a suite combination of characters: (1) snout rounded in dorsal view, slightly acuminate in lateral view, (2) rostral scale not extending to imaginary transverse line between anterior margins of eyes, (3) three supralabials, (4) four infralabials, (5) middorsal scales 186-194 in males and 195-208 in females, (6) subcaudal scales 16-17 in males and 13-14 in females, (7) 10 scales around the middle of tail, (8) maximum total length 337 mm, (9) dorsal colour uniformly pale brown, and ventral colouration beige with stippling pigmentation at center and lighter edges of all scales [from PASSOS et al. 2006]. 
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Amaral, A. 1955. Contribuicao ao conhecimento dos ofidios neotropicos: 14. Descricao de duas especies novas de "cobra-cega" (fam. Leptotyphlopidae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 26: 203-205 [1954] - get paper here
  • Batista, S. F. Facure, K. G. and Marques, O. A. V. 2020. The blind snake Trilepida koppesi (Amaral, 1955) as prey of armadillo Euphractus sexcinctus (Linnaeus, 1758), with a review of Scolecophidia predators. Herpetology Notes 13: 49-55. - get paper here
  • Campos Nogueira, C. de 2001. New records of Squamate Reptiles in Central Brazilian Cerrado II: Brasília Region. Herpetological Review 32 (4): 285-287 - get paper here
  • Filogonio, Renato and Marco Antônio Schettino Canelas. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Trilepida koppesi (Amaral's blind snake). Herpetological Review 46 (3): 386-387 - get paper here
  • Filogonio, Renato and Marco Antônio Schettino Canelas. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Trilepida koppesi (Amaral's blind snake). Herpetological Review 46 (2): 222 - get paper here
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira. 9(2): 121 – 214
  • HEDGES, S. BLAIR 2011. The type species of the threadsnake genus Tricheilostoma Jan revisited (Squamata, Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 3027: 63–64 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Medeiros-Magalhães, Felipe de; Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Taís Borges Costa, Flora Acuña Juncá, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, David Lucas Röhr, Willianilson Pessoa da Silva, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Adrian Antonio Garda 2015. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga IV: Chapada Diamantina National Park, Bahia, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 8: 243-261 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo,<br />Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins,<br />Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz0, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisnero 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Passos, P.; Daramaschi, U. & Pino, R.R. 2005. Rediscovery and redescription of Leptotyphlops salgueiroi AMARAL, 1954 (Squamata, Serpentes, Leptotyphlopidae). Bol. Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro (Zoologia) (520): 1-10 - get paper here
  • Passos, Paulo; Caramaschi, Ulisses; Pinto, Roberta R. 2006. Redescription of Leptotyphlops koppesi Amaral, 1954, and description of a new species of the Leptotyphlops dulcis group from Central Brazil (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 27 (3): 347-357 - get paper here
  • Pinto, Roberta R. and Ronaldo Fernandes 2012. A New Blind Snake Species of the Genus Tricheilostoma from Espinhaço Range, Brazil and Taxonomic Status of Rena dimidiata (Jan, 1861) (Serpentes: Epictinae: Leptotyphlopidae). Copeia 2012 (1): 37-48. - get paper here
  • Ramalho, Werther Pereira; Jefferson Rocha Silva, Philip Teles Soares, Denes Ferraz, Filipe Viegas Arruda, Vitor Hugo Mendonça do Prado 2018. The anurans and squamates of a peri-urban Cerrado remnant in the State of Goiás, Central Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 573-583 - get paper here
  • Santos, D.L.; S.P. Andrade; E.P. Victor-Jr.; W. Vaz-Silva 2014. Amphibians and reptiles from southeastern Goiás, Central Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 131-148 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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