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Trimeresurus flavomaculatus (GRAY, 1842)

IUCN Red List - Trimeresurus flavomaculatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Philippine pitviper 
SynonymMegaera flavomaculatus GRAY 1842: 49
Magaera ornata GRAY 1842
Magaera variegata GRAY 1842
Parias flavomaculatus— GRAY 1849
Parias ornatus GRAY 1849
Parias variegatus GRAY 1849
Trimeresurus flavomaculatus — GÜNTHER 1879
Trimeresurus schadenbergi FISCHER 1885: 116
Lachesis flavomaculatus BOULENGER 1896
Trimeresurus halieus GRIFFIN 1910
Trimeresurus flavomaculatus halieus — LEVITON 1961
Trimeresurus flavomaculatus flavomaculatus — LEVITON 1961
Trimeresurus flavomaculatus flavomaculatus — WELCH 1994: 115
Trimeresurus flavomaculatus halieus — WELCH 1994: 115
Trimeresurus flavomaculatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 332
Parias flavomaculatus flavomaculatus — MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004
Trimeresurus (Parias) flavomaculatus — DAVID et al. 2011
Parias flavomaculatus — GAULKE 2011: 336
Parias flavomaculatus — GAULKE 2013
Parias flavomaculatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 537
Trimeresurus cf. flavomaculatus — SANGUILA et al. 2016
Parias flavomaculatus — GUO et al. 2018
Trimeresurus (Parias) flavomaculatus — MIRZA et al. 2023 
DistributionPhilippines (Camiguin, Jolo, Luzon, Mindanao, Polillo, Bataan)

flavomaculatus: Bohol, Camiguin, Catanduanes, Dinigat, Jolo, Leyte, Luzon, Mindanao, Mindoro, Negros, Panay.

halieus: Polillo; Type locality: Polillo, Philippines.

Type locality: Philippines; restricted to Luzon by LEVITON (1964). Restriction is invalid according to DAVID & INEICH (1999).  
TypesHolotype: lost, formerly BSMP 748 (Bureau of Science Collection) (lost during World War II)
Holotype: CAS 62576 [halieus] 

Subspecies: T. (Parias) flavomaculatus mcgregori (TAYLOR 1919) has been elevated to full species status. T. schultzei previously has been considered as a subspecies of T. flavomaculatus. The subspecies halieus is not recognized by GUMPRECHT et al. 2004.

Type species: Megaera flavomaculatus is the type species of the genus Parias GRAY 1849.

Diet: frogs, lizards, rodents, possibly fish

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
  • Brown, R.M.; C.H. Oliveros; C.D. Siler; J.B. Fernandez; L.J. Welton; P.A.C. Buenavente; M.L.L. Diesmos; A.C. Diesmos 2012. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island (Philippines), VII: Herpetofauna of Ilocos Norte Province, Northern Cordillera Mountain Range. Check List 8(3):469-490 - get paper here
  • Brown; Rafe; Cameron Siler, Carl Oliveros, Luke Welton, Ashley Rock, John Swab, Merlijn Van Weerd, Jonah van Beijnen, Dominic Rodriguez, Edmund Jose, Arvin Diesmos 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VIII: the herpetofauna of Cagayan and Isabela Provinces, northern Sierra Madre Mountain Range. ZooKeys 266 (2013) Special Issue: 1-120<br />doi: 10.3897/zookeys.266.3982 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; GERNOT VOGEL & ALAIN DUBOIS 2011. On the need to follow rigorously the Rules of the Code for the subsequent designation of a nucleospecies (type species) for a nominal genus which lacked one: the case of the nominal genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Zootaxa 2992: 1–51 - get paper here
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  • Fischer, J. G. 1885. Ichthyologische und herpetologische Bemerkungen. V. Herpetologische Bemerkungen. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 2: 82-121 - get paper here
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