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Trimeresurus venustus VOGEL, 1991

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Beautiful pitviper, Brown-spotted Pit Viper
G: Schöne Bambusotter 
SynonymTrimeresurus venustus VOGEL 1991
Trimeresurus venustus — WELCH 1994: 117
Trimeresurus venustus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 411
Trimeresurus venustus — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Trimeresurus venustus — DAVID et al. 2004
Cryptelytrops venustus — MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004
Trimeresurus (Trimeresurus) venustus — DAVID et al. 2011
Trimeresurus venustus — LIVIGNI 2013: 396
Trimeresurus venustus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 743
Cryptelytrops venustus — CHAN-ARD et al. 2015: 287 
DistributionS Thailand

Type locality: “Thung Song, Provinz Nakhon Si Thammarat, Süd-Thailand”  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 48045; Paratypes: ZMB, BMNH; ZSM 127/1990 (given as ZSM 127.1990 in the original description), male, “Thung Song, Provinz Nakhon Si Thammarat, Süd-Thailand”, collected by J. Krimmer, no date; ZSM 128/1990 (given as ZSM 128.1990 in the original description), adult, same locality, collected by G. Vogel, 09.1989. 

Synonymy: Regarded as a synonym of Trimeresurus kanburiensis Smith, 1943 by McDiarmid et al. (1999). Older literature references to T. kanburiensis are likely to refer in fact to this taxon.

Similar species: Closely related to C. macrops.

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018).

Distribution: see map in Sumontha et al. 2021: 318 (Fig. 7). 
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • CHEN, ZENING; JIANPING YU, GERNOT VOGEL, SHENGCHAO SHI, ZHAOBIN SONG, YEZHONG TANG, JIA YANG, LI DING, CANGSONG CHEN 2020. A new pit viper of the genus Trimeresurus (Lacépède, 1804) (Squamata: Viperidae) from Southwest China. Zootaxa 4768 (1): 112–128 - get paper here
  • David, P., G. Vogel, M. Sumontha, O. S. G. Pauwels & L. Chanhome 2004. Expanded description of the poorly known pitviper Trimeresurus kanburiensis Smith, 1943, with confirmation of the validity of Trimeresurus venustus Vogel, 1991. Russ. J. Herpetol. 11 (2): 81-9 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; GERNOT VOGEL & ALAIN DUBOIS 2011. On the need to follow rigorously the Rules of the Code for the subsequent designation of a nucleospecies (type species) for a nominal genus which lacked one: the case of the nominal genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Zootaxa 2992: 1–51 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Tri, Ngo Van; Grismer, Jesse L. 2008. A new species of insular pitviper of the genus Cryptelytrops (Squamata: Viperidae) from southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 1715: 57-68 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • JUSTINEK, UWE 2020. Gefahrtierschulung – Ein Erfahrungsbericht. Ophidia 14 (1): 27-30
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Malhotra, A. & R. S. Thorpe 2004. Reassessment of the validity and diagnosis of the pitviper Trimeresurus venustus Vogel, 1991. The Herpetological Journal 14 (1): 21-33 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, Anita & Thorpe, Roger S. 2004. A phylogeny of four mitochondrial gene regions suggests a revised taxonomy for Asian pitvipers (Trimeresurus and Ovophis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 83 –100 [erratum p. 680] - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Orlov, N. L., S. A. Ryabov, B. N. Thanh & H Cuc, T. 2004. A new species of Trimeresurus (Ophidia: Viperidae: Crotalinae) from Karst region in Central Vietnam. Russ. J. Herpetol. 11 (2): 139-149 - get paper here
  • SUMONTHA, MONTRI; SUNUTCHA SUNTRARACHUN, OLIVIER S. G. PAUWELS, PARINYA PAWA-NGKHANANT, NIRUT CHOMNGAM, PRAPANTH IAMWIRIYAKUL & LAWAN CHANHOME 2021. A new karst-dwelling, colorful pitviper (Viperidae: Trimeresurus) from northern Peninsular Thailand. Zootaxa 4974 (2): 307–332 - get paper here
  • Vogel G 1991. Eine neue Trimeresurus-Art aus Thailand, Trimeresurus venustus sp. nov. (Reptilia: Serpentes: Crotalidae). Sauria 13 (1): 23-28 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Welch, K. R. G. 1994. Snakes of the World. A Checklist. I. Venomous snakes. KCM Books, Somerset, England.
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