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Trimetopon pliolepis COPE, 1894

IUCN Red List - Trimetopon pliolepis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Cope's Tropical Ground Snake 
SynonymTrimetopon pliolepis COPE 1894: 201
Trimetopon pliolepis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 309
Trimetopon pliolepis — VILLA et al. 1988
Trimetopon pliolepis — SAVAGE 2002
Trimetopon pliolepis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 743
Trimetopon pliolepis — CURLIS et al. 2020 
DistributionNicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama

Type locality: San Jose, Costa Rica.  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 17302 
CommentDUNN 1937 listed this species as a synonym of T. gracile.

Distribution: rare in Panama, known from only a few specimens (S. Lotzkat, pers. comm., 23 Dec 2015). 
  • Cope, E.D. 1894. Third addition to a knowledge of the batrachia and reptilia of Costa Rica. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1894: 194-206 - get paper here
  • Curlis JD, Fisher EC, Muhic WK, Moy J, Garro-Cruz M, Montero-Ramírez JJ 2020. A survey of the reptiles and amphibians at the University of Georgia Costa Rica field station in San Luis de Monteverde, Costa Rica. Check List 16(6): 1433-1456 - get paper here
  • Dunn, Emmett Reid 1937. New or Unnamed Snakes from Costa RicaNew or Unnamed Snakes from Costa Rica. Copeia 1937 (4): 213- 215 - get paper here
  • Gutiérrez Rodríguez, Allan Antonio and Javier Sunyer. 2016. First record of Trimetopon pliolepis Cope, 1894 (Reptilia: Squamata: Dipsadidae) from Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 517-518 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Nuñez-Escalante, Raby; Luis Acuña Obando, Yeudi Salgera García, Henry Sandi Amador, Robin Gloor 2021. First record of the Collared Pygmy Snake (Trimetopon pliolepis) from the Peninsula de Osa, Costa Rica. Reptiles & Amphibians 28 (1): 100-101 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, L. D., Grazziotin, F. G., Sánchez-Martínez, P. M., Sasa, M., Flores-Villela, O., Prudente, A. L. D. C., & Zaher, H. 2023. Phylogenetic and morphological evidence reveals the association between diet and the evolution of the venom delivery system in Neotropical goo-eating snakes. Systematics and Biodiversity, 21(1), 2153944 - get paper here
  • Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Jesus Pacheco, Fernando Mendoza-Quijano, Federico Bolaños,<br />Gerardo Cháves , Gretchen C. Daily, Paul R. Ehrlich & Gerardo Ceballos 2008. Diversity, natural history and conservation of amphibians and reptiles from the San Vito Region, southwestern Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (2): 755-778 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Taylor,E.H. 1951. A brief review ot the snakes of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 34 (1): 3-188 - get paper here
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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