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Trioceros laterispinis (LOVERIDGE, 1932)

IUCN Red List - Trioceros laterispinis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Spiny-flanked chameleon
G: Seitenstachelchamäleon 
SynonymChamaeleon laterispinis LOVERIDGE 1932
Chamaeleon laterispinis — DAAN & HILLENIUS 1966: 128
Chamaeleo laterispinis brookesiaeformis BÖHME 1982
Chamaeleo (Trioceros) laterispinis — NECAS 1999: 282
Trioceros laterispinis — TILBURY & TOLLEY 2009
Trioceros laterispinis — TILBURY 2010: 668
Trioceros laterispinis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 296 
DistributionTanzania (Uzungwe Mts.)

Type locality: Kigogo, Uzungwa Mts., Tanzania.

brookesiaeformis: Type locality: Kibau Iyaya, SW Uzungwa Mts., Tanzania  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 31386, Paratype: NHMUK 1946.8.18.59 (Previously MCZ 31388), male
Holotype: ZFMK 30785 [brookesiaeformis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: “This small chameleon seems to hold a somewhat isolated position with no near relatives. It is characterized by its very spinose appearance, not only a dorsal ridge of large, distinct spines, but equally large ones growing at right angles from the flanks.” (Loveridge 1932: 381) 
EtymologyNamed after L.: latus (lateris > later) side or flank; spina, spine; -us/a/um, adjectival ending: flank-spined, denoting the large, flexible thorn-like spiny scales along the flanks (Charles Klaver, pers. comm., 11 Jan 2023). 
  • Böhme, W. 1982. Ein neues Chamäleon aus Tanzania, mit Bemerkungen über Mimese bei Echsen (Reptilia: Sauria). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 33 (2-4): 349- 361. - get paper here
  • Böhme,W. 1987. Seltene Reptilien aus dem Uzungwe-Gebirge, Süd-Tansania. Herpetofauna 9 (48): 27-34 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • CAMPBELL, PATRICK D; WOLFGANG DENZER 2020. Annotated catalogue of chameleon types in the collection of the Natural History Museum, UK (NHMUK) (Reptilia: Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 4742 (3): 481–500 - get paper here
  • Daan, S. & Hillenius,D. 1966. Catalogue of the type specimens of amphibians and reptiles in the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam. Beaufortia 13: 117-144
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • GOCKEL, M. 2003. Chamäleons die unbekannten Wesen - Chamaeleo (T.) laterispinis, LOVERIDGE, 1932. CHAMAELEO 13(2): 18. - get paper here
  • Hughes, DF, Blackburn, DG. 2019. Evolutionary origins of viviparity in Chamaeleonidae. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 58 (1): 284-302 [2020] - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1932. New reptiles and amphibians from Tanganyika Territory and Kenya Colony. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 72: 375-387 - get paper here
  • Lyakurwa, J.V., Howell, K.M., Munishi, L.K., Treydte, A.C. 2019. Uzungwa Scarp Nature Forest Reserve; a unique hotspot for reptiles in Tanzania. Acta Herpetologica 14 (1): 3-14 - get paper here
  • Lyakurwa, John Valentine 2017. The Reptiles of the Uzungwa Scarp Forest Reserve (USFR): An Updated Checklist with Notes on Dagger-Tooth Vine Snake Xyelodontophis uluguruensis. Journal of East African Natural History 106(2):57-65. - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Rovero, F., Menegon, M., Fjeldså, J., Collett, L., Doggart, N., Leonard, C., Norton, G., Owen, N., Perkin, A., Spitale, D., Ahrends, A., Burgess, N. D. 2014. Targeted vertebrate surveys enhance the faunal importance and improve explanatory models within the Eastern Arc Mountains of Kenya and Tanzania. Diversity and Distributions. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12246 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • Tilbury, C. R. & Tolley, Krystal A. 2009. A re-appraisal of the systematics of the African genus Chamaeleo (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 2079: 57–68 - get paper here
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