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Tropidodipsas fasciata GÜNTHER, 1858

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesTropidodipsas fasciata fasciata GÜNTHER 1858
Tropidodipsas fasciata guerreroensis TAYLOR 1939 
Common NamesE: Banded Snail Sucker
E: Guerreran Snail Sucker [guerreroensis]
S: Caracolera Añillada 
SynonymTropidodipsas fasciata GÜNTHER 1858
Tropidodipsas fasciata fasciata GÜNTHER 1858
Leptognathus fasciatus — GARMAN 1884: 12
Leptognathus (Tropidodipsas) subannulatus MÜLLER 1887: 274
Cochliophagus tornieri MÜLLER 1924 (fide HALLERMANN 2007)
Tropidodipsas fasciata subannulata — ÁLVAREZ DEL TORO & SMITH 1956: 14
Tropidodipsas fasciata subannulata — KLUGE 1984
Sibon fasciata fasciata — KOFRON 1985
Sibon fasciata fasciata — KOFRON 1987
Sibon fasciata — LINER 1994
Tropidodipsas fasciata — WALLACH 1995
Sibon fasciata — LEE 2000: 326
Tropidodipsas fasciatus — PERCINO-DANIEL et al. 2013
Tropidodipsas fasciata — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
Tropidodipsas fasciata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 746
Tropidodipsas fasciata — GRÜNWALD et al. 2021 
DistributionMexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Veracruz, Oaxaca), Guatemala ?

fasciata: Mexico (Campeche, Yucatan, Quintana Roo)

Type locality: Mexico

guerreroensis: Mexico (Pacific slopes, probably in Oaxaca; only known locality: Buena Vista, Guerrero;probable locality, Uruapan, Michoacan, fide ÁLVAREZ DEL TORO & SMITH 1956: 16)  
TypesHolotype: BMNH (fide Smith & Taylor 1945: 150)
Holotype: ZMB 8162 [Cochliophagus tornieri]
Holotype: FMNH 100070 [guerreroensis] 
DiagnosisDescription (subannulata, adult female): “Total length 553 mm., tail 117 mm., scale rows 17; ventrals 187, caudals 73; anal entire; labials 7-8; eye diameter 2.8 mm., distance from eye to lip 1.4 mm.; scales very feebly keeled, smooth in outer 1 or 2 rows; posterior chinshields about half length of anterior; body slightly compressed;frontal 3.3 mm. wide, 3.8 mm long. Light rings stippled, gray in appearance, one scale in length at midline, two at first scale row, still wider (2 to 4 ventrals) on belly. Dark rings black, no brown evident. Light rings 16 on body, 8 on tail; 9 of these on body broken at middorsal line, only one completely broken ventrally although several others are narrowly complete midventrally; light rings somewhat larger and spaced farther apart anteriorly (13 scale lengths) than posteriorly (9-10 scale lengths).” (ALVAREZ DEL TORO & SMITH 1956) 
CommentSynonymy partly after KOFRON 1985. Sibon fasciata has been synonymized with Sibon fischeri by some authors. Tropidodipsas kidderi, formerly included in the synonymy of T. fasciata, is considered as a subspecies of S. fischeri by KOFRON 1985.

Type species: Tropidodipsas fasciata GÜNTHER 1858 is the type species of the genus Tropidodipsas GÜNTHER 1858. Note, however, that KOFRON 1985 synonymized Tropidodipsas with Sibon, a position which has not been universally accepted.

Diet: snails (Santos et al. 2017 and references therein)

Distribution: not in Jalisco fide CRUZ-SÁENZ et al. 2017. See Grünwald et al. 2021: 252 (Fig. 10) for a map. 
EtymologyThe word Tropidodipsas is Greek and derived from two words, tropido, meaning "keeled" and dipsas, meaning "venomous snake." The specific epithet is derived from the Latin word fasciata, meaning "banded," in reference to the dorsal pattern (LEMOS-ESPINAL & DIXON 2013). 
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  • Álvarez DEL TORO, M., & SMITH, H. M. 1956. Notulae herpetologicae Chiapasiae. I. Herpetologica 12: 3-17 - get paper here
  • Colston, Timothy J.; José António L. Barão-Nóbrega, Ryan Manders, Alice Lett, Jamie Wilmott, Gavin Cameron, Sidony Hunter, Adam Radage, Etienne Littlefair, Robert J. Williams, Antonio Lopez Cen, Kathy Slater 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, México, with new records. Check List 11 (5): 1759 - get paper here
  • Davis, William B. 1953. Notes on the snake Tropidodipsas guerreroensis. Copeia 1953 (3): 187-188 - get paper here
  • Garman,Samuel 1884. The reptiles and batrachians of North America. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool, Cambridge (Massachusetts), 8 (3): xxxiv + 185 pp. [1883] [CNAH reprint 10] - get paper here
  • Griffin, Rowland and Gary Powell. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Tropidodipsas fasciata (banded snail-sucker). Herpetological Review 45 (3): 467 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Hallermann, J. 2007. The status of problematic snake types of the Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Reptilia, Serpentes). Mitt. Mus. Nat.kd. Berl., Zool. Reihe 83 (2): 160–165 - get paper here
  • Harvey, Michael B.; Gilson Rivas Fuenmayor, José Rances Caicedo-Portilla, and José Vicente Rueda-Almonacid 2009. Systematics of the Enigmatic Dipsadine Snake Tropidodipsas perijanensis Alemán (Serpentes: Colubridae) and Review of Morphological Characters of Dipsadini. Herpetological Monographs 22 (1): 106-132 - get paper here
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  • Kluge, Arnold G. 1984. Type-specimens of reptiles in the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. [type catalogue] Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (167): 1-85 - get paper here
  • Kofron, C. P. 1987. Systematics of Neotropical gastropod-eating snakes: the fasciata group of the genus Sibon. Journal of Herpetology 21 (3): 210-225. - get paper here
  • Kofron, C.P. 1985. Systematics of the neotropical gastropod-eating snake genera Tropidodipsas and Sibon. Journal of Herpetology 19 (1): 84-92. - get paper here
  • Kofron, C.P. 1985. Review of the central American colubrid snakes, Sibon fischeri and S. carri. Copeia 1985 (1): 164-174 - get paper here
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  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Licht, Paul; Gehlbach, Frederick R. 1961. Ficimia cana and Tropidodipsas fasciata (Reptilia: Serpentes) in San Luis Potosí, Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 6 (3-4): 197-198 - get paper here
  • Martin, Plul S. 1958. A biogeography of reptiles and amphibians in the Gomez Farias Region, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (101): 1-102 + 7 plates - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Mckay, J. Lindley; Olga Milenkaya, Christian Langner 2021. Neue Erkenntnisse zu Arealserweiterungen einiger Reptilienarten des mexikanischen Bundesstaates Oaxaca. Sauria 43 (2): 76-84
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  • Santos, Marina Meireles dos; Fernanda Magalhães da Silva, Erika Hingst-Zaher, Fabio Andrade Machado, Hussam El Dine Zaher, Ana Lúcia da Costa Prudente 2017. Cranial adaptations for feeding on snails in species of Sibynomorphus (Dipsadidae: Dipsadinae). Zoology 120: 24–30 - get paper here
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  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Torres-Hernández, LA, Ramírez-Bautista A, Cruz-Elizalde R, Hernández-Salinas U, Berriozabal-Islas C, DeSantis DL, Johnson JD, Rocha A, García-Padilla E, Mata-Silva V, Fucsko LA, and Wilson LD. 2021. The herpetofauna of Veracruz, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 15(2) [General Section]: 72–155 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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