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Tropidophis canus (COPE, 1868)

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Higher TaxaTropidophiidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Inagua Trope, Bahama-Wood Snakes
G: Bahama-Zwerg-Boa 
SynonymUngalia cana COPE 1868:129
Ungalia cana — BOULENGER 1893: 114
Tropidophis cana — STEJNEGER in SHATTUCK 1905
Tropidophis canus canus — SCHWARTZ & MARSH 1960
Tropidophis canus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 630
Tropidophis canus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 216
Tropidophis canus — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012
Tropidophis canus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 752 
DistributionBahamas (Great Inagua Island)

Type locality: Great Inagua Island, Bahama Islands.  
TypesSyntypes: USNM 7111, USNM 26763 etc. 
CommentIllustrations: Schwartz and Marsh, 1960; Greene and Burghardt, 1978; Mehrtens, 1987.

Synonymy: partly after WALLACH et al. 2014.

Max. SVL in males: 363 mm, females: 338 mm.

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
  • Bailey, J. R. 1937. A review of some recent Tropidophis material. Proc. New England Zool. Club 16: 41-52.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1868. An examination of the Reptilia and Batrachia obtained by the Orton Expedition to Equador and the Upper Amazon, with notes on other species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 20: 96-140 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Greene, H.W. and Burghardt, G.M. 1978. Behavior and phylogeny: constriction in ancient and modem snakes. Science 200:74-77. - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. 2002. Morphological variation and the definition of species in the snake genus Tropidophis (Serpentes, Tropidophiidae). Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. London (Zool.) 68 (2): 83-90 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mehrtens, J.M. 1987. Living snakes of the world in color. Sterling Publ. Co., hic., New York, NY: 480 pp.
  • Rabb, George B.;Hayden, Ellis B. 1957. The Van Voast-American Museum of Natural History Bahama Islands Expedition record of the expedition and general features of the Islands. American Museum Novitates (1836): 1-53 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A.and Marsh, R.J. 1960. A review of the pardalis-maculatus complex of the boid genus Tropidophis of the West Indies. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 123 (2):49-84. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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