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Tropidophis caymanensis BATTERSBY, 1938

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Higher TaxaTropidophiidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Grand Cayman Trope, Cayman Islands Dwarf Boa 
SynonymTropidophis melanurus caymanensis BATTERSBY 1938: 558
Tropidophis caymanensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Tropidophis caymanensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 632
Tropidophis caymanensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 217
Tropidophis caymanensis — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012
Tropidophis caymanensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 752 
DistributionGrand Cayman lsland

Type locality: Grand Cayman Island, Cayman Islands.  
TypesSyntypes: MCZ 44863, BMNH 1912.7.18.1 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION (including parkeri and schwartzi): Maximum total length 564 mm; dorsal scale rows at midbody 25 or 27; dorsal scales weakly keeled or smooth; supralabials usually 10/10; infralabials 12/12 or 13/13; ventrals 183-204 in males, 183-212 in females; subcaudals 34-39 in males, 31-39 in females; preoculars 1/1; postoculars 3/3. Dorsal cephalic pattern trapezoidal dark figure invaded by light stippling; brown interocular bar; dark brown lateral head stripe; dorsal ground color light gray to orange-tan, changing to cream below sixth scale row; dorsal spots average about 54-61, dark brown to black; venter cream, uniform or with heavy, irregular, dark mottling, or small black spots over most of undersurface; tail tip yellow to light green; pattern much sharper in juveniles, becoming obscure in adults (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 632). 
CommentFor illustrations see Thomas, 1963. 
  • Battersby, J. C. 1938. Some snakes of the genus Tropidophis. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (11) 1: 557-560. - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1941. The herpetology of the Cayman Islands. Bulletin of the Institute of Jamaica, Science Series [1940] (2):1-56
  • Hedges, S. B. and O. H. Garrido. 1992. A new species of Tropidophis from Cuba (Serpentes: Tropidophiidae). Copeia 1992 (4): 820-825 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. Blair, Alberto R. Estrada and Luis M. Diaz 1999. New snake (Tropidophis) from western Cuba. Copeia 1999 (2): 376-381 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. 2002. Morphological variation and the definition of species in the snake genus Tropidophis (Serpentes, Tropidophiidae). Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. London (Zool.) 68 (2): 83-90 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Powell, R., and R. W. Henderson, Eds. 2012. Island lists of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum 2:85–166 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1963. Cayman Islands Tropidophis (Reptilia, Serpentes). Breviora (195):1-8 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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