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Tropidophis curtus (GARMAN, 1887)

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Higher TaxaTropidophiidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Northern Bahamas Trope, Bahama-Wood Snakes
G: Bahama-Zwerg-Boa 
SynonymUngualia curta GARMAN 1887: 278
Tropidophis canus androsi STULL 1927
Tropidophis pardalis barbouri BAILEY 1937: 49
Tropidophis canus curtus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 631
Tropidophis canus androsi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 631
Tropidophis canus barbouri — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 631
Tropidophis curtus — HEDGES 2002
Tropidophis curtus curtus — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012
Tropidophis curtus androsi — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012
Tropidophis curtus barbouri — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012
Tropidophis curtus — WALLACH et al. 2014 

androsi: Bahama Is.: Andros Island; Type locality: Andros Island, Bahama Islands

barbouri: Bahama Is.: Eleuthera I.; Eleuthera Cays; Long I.; CatI.; Exuma Cays; Ragged Is.; Type locality: Bannerman Town, Eleuthera Island, Bahama Islands.

curtus: Bahama Is.: New Providence I.; Bimini Is.; Cay Sal Bank; Type locality: see comment  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 6114 (curtus)
Holotype: USNM 49471 [androsi]
Holotype: MCZ 37913 [barbouri] 
CommentIllustrations: Schwartz and Marsh, 1960; Greene and Burghardt, 1978; Mehrtens, 1987.

Synonymy: partly after WALLACH et al. 2014.

Distribution: the type locality reported by GARMAN 1887 is “Cuba" which is probably in error. However, SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988 mention one other specimen purportedly from Cuba (AMNH 2946). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet curtus (Latin) means short or incomplete, possibly referring to the short overall body length compared to other species (although it’s by no means the shortest species in the genus). 
  • Bailey, J. R. 1937. A review of some recent Tropidophis material. Proc. New England Zool. Club 16: 41-52.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1868. An examination of the Reptilia and Batrachia obtained by the Orton Expedition to Equador and the Upper Amazon, with notes on other species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 20: 96-140 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Greene, H.W. and Burghardt, G.M. 1978. Behavior and phylogeny: constriction in ancient and modem snakes. Science 200:74-77. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. 2002. Morphological variation and the definition of species in the snake genus Tropidophis (Serpentes, Tropidophiidae). Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. London (Zool.) 68 (2): 83-90 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mehrtens, J.M. 1987. Living snakes of the world in color. Sterling Publ. Co., hic., New York, NY: 480 pp.
  • Rabb, George B.;Hayden, Ellis B. 1957. The Van Voast-American Museum of Natural History Bahama Islands Expedition record of the expedition and general features of the Islands. American Museum Novitates (1836): 1-53 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R. Graham; Alberto R. Puente-Rolón, Amy L. Castle, Martijn Van De Schoot, and Anthony J. Geneva 2018. Herpetofauna of Cay Sal Bank, Bahamas and Phylogenetic Relationships of Anolis fairchildi, Anolis sagrei, and Tropidophis curtus from the Region. Breviora May 560 (1): 1-19. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A.and Marsh, R.J. 1960. A review of the pardalis-maculatus complex of the boid genus Tropidophis of the West Indies. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 123 (2):49-84. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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