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Tropidophis greenwayi BARBOUR & SHREVE, 1936

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Higher TaxaTropidophiidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesTropidophis greenwayi greenwayi BARBOUR & SHREVE 1936
Tropidophis greenwayi lanthanus SCHWARTZ 1963 
Common NamesE: Caicos Trope, Ambergris Cay Dwarf Boa 
SynonymTropidophis pardalis greenwayi BARBOUR & SHREVE 1936: 2
Tropidophis greenwayi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 634
Tropidophis greenwayi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 218
Tropidophis greenwayi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 753

Tropidophis greenwayi lanthanus SCHWARTZ, 1963
Tropidophis greenwayi lanthanus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Tropidophis greenwayi lanthanus — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012: 108 
DistributionCaicos Island

greenwayi: Caicos Is. Type locality: Ambergris Cay, Caicos Islands.

lanthanus: Caicos Island; Type locality: 0.5 mi. north of Cockburn Harbour, South Caicos.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 42051.
Holotype: MCZ 69630 [lanthanus] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION (including lanthanus): Maximum total length 370 mm; dorsal scale rows at midbody 25 or 27; dorsal scales smooth; ventrals 155-165; subcaudals 26-30; supralabials 9-10/9-10; infralabials 9-12/9-12; preoculars 1/1; postoculars 2/2, 2/3, or 3/3; parietals in contact; 8 or 10 rows of body blotches; 27-49 dorsal spots/blotches. Color and pattern variable: (l) supralabials dark brown, posterior 3 somewhat flecked and blotched with cream; head uniform dark brown dorsally, neck slightly paler grading quickly into grayish tan middorsal zone about 10 scales wide and continuing onto upper surface of tail; 2 paramedian rows of dark brown blotches outlined with pale gray; sides darker brown, becoming reddish ventrally, and enclosing 3 rows of lateral blotches; ventral surface reddish tan to chocolate-brown with 2 rows of dark brown blotches (sometimes with white borders) (juveniles may have white venters); tip of tail yellow; (2) dorsal surface of head "salt- and-pepper"; dorsal surface mottled or stippled with black, browns, tans, and white more or less intermixed; dark brown to black blotches obscured by mottling and stippling on interspaces; venter off-white to brown (South Caicos 1.) (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 634). 
CommentFor illustrations see Schwartz and Marsh, 1960; Mehrtens, 1987. 
EtymologyNamed after James Cowan Greenway Jr. (1903-1989), Curator of Birds, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard. 
  • Barbour,T. and B. Shreve 1936. New races of Tropidophis and of Ameiva from the Bahamas. Proc. New England Zool. Club 40: 347-365.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Burger, R.M. 2004. Dwarf boas of the Caribbean. Reptilia (GB) (35): 43-47 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. 2002. Morphological variation and the definition of species in the snake genus Tropidophis (Serpentes, Tropidophiidae). Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. London (Zool.) 68 (2): 83-90 - get paper here
  • Iverson, J. B. 1986. Notes on the natural history of the Caicos Islands dwarf boa, Tropidophis greenwayi. Carib. J. Sci. 22 (3-4): 191-198
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mehrtens, J.M. 1987. Living snakes of the world in color. Sterling Publ. Co., hic., New York, NY: 480 pp.
  • Powell, R., and R. W. Henderson, Eds. 2012. Island lists of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum 2:85–166 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1963. A new subspecies of Tropidophis greenwayi from the Caicos Bank. Breviora (194):1-6 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A.and Marsh, R.J. 1960. A review of the pardalis-maculatus complex of the boid genus Tropidophis of the West Indies. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 123 (2):49-84. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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