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Tropidophis haetianus (COPE, 1879)

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Higher TaxaTropidophiidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesTropidophis haetianus haetianus (COPE 1879)
Tropidophis haetianus hemerus SCHWARTZ 1975
Tropidophis haetianus tiburonensis SCHWARTZ 1975 
Common NamesE: Hispaniolan Trope, Haitian Dwarf Boa 
SynonymUngualia [sic] haetiana COPE 1879: 273
Ungualia [sic] haetiana — GARMAN 1887: 279
Tropidophis conjunctus FISCHER 1888: 31
Ungalia conjuncta — BOULENGER 1893: 113
Tropidophis maculata haetiana — COCHRAN 1924
Tropidophis maculatus haetianus — BAILEY 1937
Tropidophis maculatus haetianus — BRONGERSMA 1951
Tropidophis maculatus haetianus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Tropidophis haetianus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 635
Tropidophis haetianus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 218
Tropidophis maculatus haetianus — HEDGES 2002
Tropidophis haetianus — MATTISON 2007: 214
Tropidophis haetianus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 753

Tropidophis haetianus hemerus SCHWARTZ 1975
Tropidophis haetianus hemerus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Tropidophis haetianus hemerus — HEDGES 2002
Tropidophis haetianus hemerus — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012

Tropidophis haetianus tiburonensis SCHWARTZ, 1975
Tropidophis haetianus tiburonensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Tropidophis haetianus tiburonensis — HEDGES 2002
Tropidophis haetianus tiburonensis — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012 
DistributionCuba, Hispaniola, Dominican Republic, Jamaica

Type locality: Port-au-Prince, Departement de l'Ouest, Haiti, and lIe de la Gonave, Haiti

hemerus: Dominican Republic; Type locality: Juanillo, La Altagracia Province, Republica Dominicana.

tiburonensis: distal portion of the Tiburon Peninsula in Haiti; intergrades with T. h. haetianus; Type locality: Camp Perrin, Departement du Sud, Haiti.  
TypesSyntypes: USNM 10164, USNM 10169.
Holotype: USNM 195838, an adult female [hemerus]
Holotype: CM 56826 [tiburonensis] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION (including hemerus and jamaicensis): Maximum total length 712 mm; dorsal scale rows at midbody 25, 27, or 29; dorsals smooth or keeled; ventrals 166-194; subcaudals 30-39; parietal scales in contact or not; supralabials usually 9-10/9-10; infralabials usually 10-11/10-11; preoculars usually 1/1; postoculars usually 3/3. Upper surface of head brown and unmarked or with obscure, longitudinal, rectangular figure; sharp demarcation between head color and very pale supralabials; pair of pale occipital blotches present or not; dorsum pale tan to dark brown; dorsal blotches (in 8 or 10 rows; 44-57 dorsal spots/blotches) dull olive-brown, pale olive to dark brown, prominent or obsolescent; paramedian blotches may be fused across dorsal midline; lowermost row of blotches with or without whitish to buffy median edging; lowermost rows of blotches may be reduced or obsolete; venter white, pale yellow, pale tan to dark brown, suffused with paler or darker color; chin and throat whitish to brownish, stippled or marked brownish (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 635). 
CommentFor illustrations see Cochran, 1941; Schwartz and Marsh, 1960; Henderson and Schwartz, 1984; Mehrtens, 1987; Hedges, Hass, and Maugel, 1989. 
  • Bailey, J. R. 1937. A review of some recent Tropidophis material. Proc. New England Zool. Club 16: 41-52.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L.D. 1951. Some notes upon the anatomy of Tropidophis and Trachyboa (Serpentes). Zoologische Mededelingen 31: 107-124 - get paper here
  • Burger, R.M. 2004. Dwarf boas of the Caribbean. Reptilia (GB) (35): 43-47 - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1879. Eleventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 18: 261-277. - get paper here
  • Fischer, J.G. 1888. Über eine Kollektion Reptilien und Amphibien von Hayti. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 5: 23-45. - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. B. & O. H. Garrido 2002. A new snake of the genus Tropidophis (Tropidophiidae) from eastern Cuba. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 157-161 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. B. and O. H. Garrido. 1992. A new species of Tropidophis from Cuba (Serpentes: Tropidophiidae). Copeia 1992 (4): 820-825 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. 2002. Morphological variation and the definition of species in the snake genus Tropidophis (Serpentes, Tropidophiidae). Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. London (Zool.) 68 (2): 83-90 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. Hass, C.A., and Maugel, T.K. 1989. Physiological color change in snakes. Journal of Herpetology 23 (4): 450-455 - get paper here
  • Henderson, R.W., and Schwartz, A. 1984. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola. Spec. PubI. Milwaukee Public Mus. Biol. and Geol. (4):1-70.
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mehrtens, J.M. 1987. Living snakes of the world in color. Sterling Publ. Co., hic., New York, NY: 480 pp.
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Powell, R. & Incháustegui, S.J. 2009. Conservation of the herpetofauna of the Dominican Republic. Applied Herpetology 6: 103–122 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1975. Variation in the Antillean boid snake Tropidophis haetianus Cope. Journal of Herpetology 9 (3): 303-311. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A.and Marsh, R.J. 1960. A review of the pardalis-maculatus complex of the boid genus Tropidophis of the West Indies. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 123 (2):49-84. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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