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Tropidophis semicinctus (GUNDLACH & PETERS, 1864)

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Higher TaxaTropidophiidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Yellow-banded Trope, Banded Dwarf Boa 
SynonymUngalia (Lionotus) maculata var. semicincta GUNDLACH & PETERS in PETERS 1864: 388
Ungalia semicincta — BOULENGER 1893: 113
Tropidophis semicinctus — SCHWARTZ & OGREN 1956
Tropidophis semicinctus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 642
Tropidophis semicinctus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 222
Tropidophis semicinctus — RODRIGUEZ-SCHETTINO et al. 2013
Tropidophis semicinctus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 755 
DistributionW/C Cuba

Type locality: “Cuba”  
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 5076 (2 specimens) 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum total length about 460 mm; dorsal scale rows at midbody 21, 23, or 25; dorsal scales smooth to slightly keeled; ventrals 203-223 in males, 201-213 in females; subcaudals 34-41 in males, 34-40 in females; supralabials 8-11; infralabials 9-12; preoculars 1/1; postoculars 3/3. Head chestnut-brown; dorsal ground color yellow to orange; body blotches dark brown to black, 18-29, in 2 discrete series (tendency to use on neck); dorsal pattern gives impression of alternating pale and dark bands; orange to brownish vertebral stripe (5-6 scales wide) often present; supralabials and throat yellowish; tail blotches 3-9; venter immaculate (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 642). 
CommentFor illustrations see Petzold, 1969. 
  • Bailey, J. R. 1937. A review of some recent Tropidophis material. Proc. New England Zool. Club 16: 41-52.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Díaz, L. M. y Cádiz, A. 2020. A new species of Tropidophis (Squamata: Tropidophiidae) and molecular phylogeny of the Cuban radiation of the genus. Novitates Caribaea (16): 1-19; doi: 10.33800/nc.vi16.222 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. B. and O. H. Garrido. 1992. A new species of Tropidophis from Cuba (Serpentes: Tropidophiidae). Copeia 1992 (4): 820-825 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. Blair, Alberto R. Estrada and Luis M. Diaz 1999. New snake (Tropidophis) from western Cuba. Copeia 1999 (2): 376-381 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. 2002. Morphological variation and the definition of species in the snake genus Tropidophis (Serpentes, Tropidophiidae). Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. London (Zool.) 68 (2): 83-90 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Peters,W. 1864. Über einige neue Säugethiere (Mormops, Macrotus, Vesperus, Molossus, Capromys), Amphibien (Plathydactylus, Otocryptis, Euprepes, Ungalia, Dromicus, Tropidonotus, Xenodon, Hylodes), und Fische (Sillago, Sebastes, Channa, Myctophum, Carassius, Barbus, Mber. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin [1864]: 381-399 - get paper here
  • Petzold, H.G. 1969. Zur Haltung and Fortpflanzungsbiologieeiniger kubanischer Schlangen im Tierpark Berlin. Salamandra 5:124-40 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Ogren, L.H. 1956. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from Cuba, with the descriptionof two new forms. Herpetologica 12 (2): 91-110 - get paper here
  • Torres J, Rodríguez-Cabrera TM 2020. Diurnal refuge sharing between species of Cuban snakes of the genus Tropidophis (Squamata: Tropidophiidae). Caribbean Herpetology, 74: 1–2 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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