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Tropidophorus berdmorei (BLYTH, 1853)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Berdmore’s Water Skink
G: Berdmores Wasserskink
Chinese: 缅甸棱蜥 
SynonymAspris Berdmorei BLYTH 1853: 651
Tropidophorus Berdmorei THEOBALD 1868
Tropidophorus yunnanensis BOULENGER 1887
Tropidophorus yunnanensis — BOULENGER 1893: 321
Tropidophorus berdmorei — SMITH 1935: 325
Tropidophorus berdmorei — SMITH 1940: 479
Tropidophorus berdmorei — TAYLOR 1963: 986
Tropidophorus berdmorei — COX et al. 1998: 120
Tropidophorus berdmorei — HONDA et al. 2006 
DistributionChina (Yunnan), Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, Vietnam (Son La etc.)

Type locality: “Mergui” (Myanmar).  
TypesSyntypes: ZSI 2270–72 (fide Smith 1923, Das et al., 1998); the original description was based on a single specimen (Blyth, 1853). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: This species is characterized by the following characters (after Boulenger 1887; Smith 1923, 1935; Taylor 1963; Greer & Biswas 2004; Chuaynkern et al. 2005; Bour ret 2009): moderate size, SVL of adults 76.28 +/- 6.91 mm, n = 24 (Chuaynkern et al. 2005); upper head scales smooth; frontonasal undivided; prefrontals in contact with or separated from each other; parietals usually in contact posteriorly; loreals 2, anterior one usually divided; supraciliaries 8 and supraciliary row not completed along the entire length of lateral edge of supraoculars; nuchals in 2 pairs; supralabials 6, fourth below the eye; infralabials 5 – 7; postmental undivided; midbody scales in 32 – 40 rows; dorsal scales smaller than ventrals; paravertebral scales 64; ventrals in 53 transverse rows; 2 enlarged precloa- cals; subdigital lamellae 22 under fourth toe [from TRUONG et al. 2010]. 
EtymologyNamed after Thomas Mathew Berdmore (1811-1858), Assistant Commissioner in Northern Tenasserim. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Blyth,E. 1854. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little-known. Part I. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 22 [1853]: 639-655 - get paper here
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e Regioni Vicine LII. Concluding report on the reptiles and batrachians obtained in Burma by Signor L. Fea, dealing with the collection made in Pegu and the Karin Hills in 1887-88. Annali Mus. civ. Genova (2) 13: 304-347 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chuaynkern, Yodchaiy, Chantip Chuaynkern, Prateep Duengkae, Yuwadee Ponituk and Wattanachai Tasen. 2014. Tropidophorus berdmorei (Berdmore's water skink) diet. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 333-334 - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Honda, Masanao; Ota, Hidetoshi; Murphy, Robert W.; and Hikida, Tsutomu. 2006. Phylogeny and biogeography of water skinks of the genus Tropidophorus (Reptilia: Scincidae) a molecular approach. Zoologica Scripta 35 (1):85-95 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, Quang Truong; Nguyen Van Sang, Nikolai Orlov, Hoang Ngoc Thao, Wolfgang Böhme and Thomas Ziegler 2010. A review of the genus Tropidophorus (Squamata, Scincidae) from Vietnam with new species records and additional data on natural history. Zoosyst. Evol . 86 (1): 5 – 19
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Nguyen, T.Q; Nguyen, T.T.; Schmitz, A.; Orlov, N.L. & Ziegler, T. 2010. A new species of the genus Tropidophorus Duméril & Bibron, 1839 (Squamata: Sauria: Scincidae) from Vietnam. Zootaxa 2439: 53–68 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, Truong Quang; Anh Van Pham, Hoang Van Tu, Tan Van Nguyen, Thomas Ziegler 2018. New records and an updated list of lizards from Son La Province, Vietnam. Herpetology Notes 11: 209-216 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1940. The Amphibians and Reptiles obtained by Mr. Ronald Kaulback in Upper Burma. Records of the Indian Museum 42: 465-486 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1963. The lizards of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 44: 687-1077. - get paper here
  • Theobald, William 1868. Catalogue of the reptiles of British Birma, embracing the provinces of Pegu, Martaban, and Tenasserim; with descriptions of new or little-known species. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 10: 4-67. - get paper here
  • Wang K, Lyu ZT, Wang J, Qi S, Che J 2022. Updated Checklist and Zoogeographic Division of the Reptilian Fauna of Yunnan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (4): 21326, 1–31 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. & Mulcahy, D.G. 2019. Identification guide Amphibians and reptiles of South Tanintharyi. Fauna & Flora International, 101 pp.
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