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Tropidophorus brookei (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Brook’s Keeled Skink 
SynonymNorbea brookei GRAY 1845: 102
Tropidophorus brookii — BOULENGER 1887: 361
Tropidophorus brookii — BARBOUR 1912
Norbea brookei — MITTLEMAN 1952
Tropidophorus brookei — OTA et al. 1991
Tropidophorus brookei— GREER & BISWAS 2004 
DistributionIndonesia (Borneo, Natuna islands), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak)  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.19.1 (formerly xv.79a), Borneo, presented Sir E. Belcher. 
DiagnosisDescription: Shields of head slightly rugose; frontonasal single, about as broad as long; praefrontals in contact; frontal as long as frontoparietals and interparietal together; five supraoculars, first longest, fifth smallest; fourteen very small supraciliaries, of which the last are indistinct; frontoparietals shorter than the interparietal; parietals forming a suture behind the latter; eight upper labials, fifth and sixth largest and bordering the orbit; five lower labials; a postmental. Tympanum smaller than the eye-opening. Body slender, with 32 scales round the middle, dorsals and laterals equal, keeled, with round hind border, the keels forming eight longitudinal lines on the back and oblique ones on the flanks. Ventral scales largest and smooth. Praeanal region covered with a large plate. Tail slightly compressed, about twice as long as the body, the upper scales keeled. Limbs slender, the hind limb reaches the elbow or the axilla; digits short, with smooth lamellae below (de Rooij 1915: 277).

Coloration: Brown above, with darker and lighter spots, the dark spots sometimes forming transverse bands; flanks dotted with black and white; tail dark brown. Lower parts whitish (de Rooij 1915: 277).

Size: Length of head and body 88 mm.; tail 155 mm (de Rooij 1915: 277). 
  • Ahmad, Norhayati; Eddie Ahmad, Mahathir Ratag, Edward Asrul Alimin Sinon, Brandon Don, Francer Francis, Muhammad Ridzuan Mahmod, Amshari Agimin, Daicus Belabut 2019. Amphibians and Reptiles of Imbak Canyon Study Centre and Batu Timbang Camp. Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation 16: 25–33
  • Auliya, M. 2006. Taxonomy, Life History, and conservation of giant reptiles in west Kalimantan. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 432 pp. - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1912. A Contribution to the Zoögeography of the East Indian Islands. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy 44 (1): 1-203 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. & Biswas, S. 2004. A Generic Diagnosis for the Southeast Asian Scincid Lizard Genus Tropidophorus Dumeéril and Bibron, 1839 with Some Additional Comments on Its Morphology and Distribution. Journal of Herpetology 38 (3): 426-430 - get paper here
  • Herlambang, A. E., Riyanto, A., Munir, M., Hamidy, A., Kimura, K., Eto, K., & Mumpuni, M. 2022. AFTER 16 YEARS: AN UPDATE CHECKLIST OF HERPETOFAUNA ON THE NATUNA ISLANDS, INDONESIA. TREUBIA, 49(2), 67-84 - get paper here
  • Janzen, Peter 2022. Herpetofauna in Sarawak, East Malaysia (Borneo) – Part 2 Reptiles. Sauria 44 (3): 3-28
  • Ota,H.; Hikida,T.; Matsui,M. & Morei,A. 1991. Karyotypes of two water skinks of the genus Tropidophorus (Reptilia: Squamata). Journal of Herpetology 25 (4): 488-490 - get paper here
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