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Tropidophorus iniquus LIDTH DE JEUDE, 1905

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymTropidophorus iniquus LIDTH DE JEUDE 1905: 199
Tropidophorus iniquus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 278
Norbea iniqua — MITTLEMAN 1952: 25
Tropidophorus iniquus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 283
Tropidophorus iniqua — HONDA et al. 2006 
DistributionIndonesia (Borneo, Kalimantan)

Type locality: in the neighbourhood of the upper part of the Kajan river, Borneo  
TypesHolotype: RMNH 4451 
DiagnosisDescription: Shields of head rugose; snout long, pointed; frontonasal single, much more long than broad; praefrontals separated; frontal as long as frontoparietals, interparietal and parietals together; five supraoculars, first longest, fifth smallest; six supraciliaries anterior to the fourth supraocular, the seventh in contact with it; frontoparietals shorter than the interparietal; parietals in contact behind the latter. Eight upper labials, fifth largest, bordering the eye; five lower labials; a large postmental, followed by two pair of shields forming a suture, and a third pair, much smaller, separated by four scales. Tympanum oval, smaller than the eye-opening. Body slender, with 34 scales round the middle, ventrals largest. Dorsal scales with a groove in the middle, flanked on each side by a swollen band; nuchal scales with three swollen bands separated by two grooves. Praeanal region with one large plate. Tail thick. Limbs slender, the hind limb reaches beyond the wrist; digits with smooth lamellae below (de Rooij 1915: 278)

Coloration: Greyish-brown above, with indistinct blackish transverse markings on back and tail. Lower parts white, posterior part of tail and scales of the feet darker (de Rooij 1915: 278)

Size: Length of head and body 96 mm; tail (mutilated) 82 mm (de Rooij 1915: 278).

See also detailed original description in LIDTH DE JEUDE 1905: 199. 
CommentAbundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Honda, Masanao; Ota, Hidetoshi; Murphy, Robert W.; and Hikida, Tsutomu. 2006. Phylogeny and biogeography of water skinks of the genus Tropidophorus (Reptilia: Scincidae) a molecular approach. Zoologica Scripta 35 (1):85-95 - get paper here
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1905. Zoological results of the Dutch Scientific Expedition to Central-Borneo. The reptiles. Notes from the Leyden Museum 25 (4): 187-202. - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Mittleman, M.B. 1952. A generic synopsis of the Lizards of the Subfamily Lygosominae. Smithson. misc. Collns, 117: 1-35. - get paper here
  • Welch, K.R.G., Cooke, P.S., & Wright, A.S. 1990. Lizards of the Orient: a checklist. Robert E. Krieger Pub. Co., Malabar, FL 162 pp.
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