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Tropidophorus murphyi HIKIDA, ORLOV, NABHITABHATA & OTA, 2002

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Murphy’s water skink 
SynonymTropidophorus murphyi HIKIDA, ORLOV, NABHITABHATA & OTA 2002
Tropidophorus murphyi — HONDA et al. 2006
Tropidophorus murphyi — BÖHME 2014: 157 
DistributionN Vietnam

Type locality: Quang Thanh Village, Nguyen Binh District, Cao Bang Province, N Vietnam (22° 37’ 43 N, 105° 54’ 46 E, 700-750 m elevation)  
TypesHolotype: ROM 41227; Paratypes: ZFMK 91828 (ex-ROM 4.229), female, KUZ 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: According to Hikida et al. (2002) and our own data, this species is characterized by a large size, adult males SVL 62.4 – 85.1 mm (n = 3), TaL: 101 mm (holotype, tail tip lost) (Hikida et al. 2002); adult females SVL 79.3 – 95.6 mm (n = 2), TaL 106.5 – 110.4 (n = 2); body strongly depressed; upper head scales smooth; frontonasal undivided; prefrontals in contact; parietals not in contact posteriorly; loreals 2, anterior one usually divided; supraciliaries 5 – 8, supraciliar y row completed along the entire length of lateral edge of supraoculars; supralabials 6; infralabials 5 – 6, f irst one longest; postmental undivided; midbody scales in 30 – 32 rows; paravertebral scales 55 – 67; ventrals in 55 – 56 transverse rows (in the two paratypes); 2 enlarged precloacals; 12 – 13 scale rows at position of tenth subcaudal; 20 – 25 subdigital lamellae on fourth toe [from Truong et al. 2010]. 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after Robert W. Murphy of the Royal Ontario Museum. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2014. Herpetology in Bonn. Mertensiella 21. vi + 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Chuaynkern, Y., Nabhitabhata, J., Inthara, C. Kamsook, M. & K. Somsri 2005. A New Species of the Water Skink Tropidophorus (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) from Northeast Thailand. The Thailand Natural History Museum Journal 1(2): 165-176 - get paper here
  • Hikida, T.; Orlov, N.L.; Nabhitabhata, J. & Ota, H. 2002. Three new depressed-bodied water skinks of the genus Tropidophorus (Lacertilia: Scincidae) from Thailand and Vietnam. Current Herpetology 21 (1): 9-23 - get paper here
  • Honda, Masanao; Ota, Hidetoshi; Murphy, Robert W.; and Hikida, Tsutomu. 2006. Phylogeny and biogeography of water skinks of the genus Tropidophorus (Reptilia: Scincidae) a molecular approach. Zoologica Scripta 35 (1):85-95 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Nguyen, T.Q; Nguyen, T.T.; Schmitz, A.; Orlov, N.L. & Ziegler, T. 2010. A new species of the genus Tropidophorus Duméril & Bibron, 1839 (Squamata: Sauria: Scincidae) from Vietnam. Zootaxa 2439: 53–68 - get paper here
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