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Typhlops gonavensis RICHMOND, 1964

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Gonave Blindsnake, Gonave Island Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops gonavensis RICHMOND 1964: 3
Typhlops capitulatus gonavensis THOMAS 1966: 265
Typhlops gonavensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 648
Typhlops gonavensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 103
Typhlops gonavensis — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops gonavensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 763 
DistributionIle de la Gonave (Hispaniola).

Type locality: “Point a Raquette, on the south shore of Gonave Island, Haiti”  
TypesHolotype: YPM 3003 (Yale Peabody Museum). 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum TL 220 mm; TL/taillength 38-54 in males, 50-88 in females; TL/midbody diameter 46-57; middorsal scale rows 399-455; scale rows 20-20; head tapered, snout rounded to weakly pointed and somewhat flattened; rostral broad in dorsal aspect, clavate to oval, not flared on apex; postoculars 2. Coloration unicoior dark reddish brown grading to burnt-umber on tail; unpigmented areas around mouth and vent (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 648). 
CommentFor illustrations see Richmond, 1964. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Richmond, N. D. 1964. The blind snakes (Typhlops) of Haiti with descriptions of three new species. Breviora (202):1-12 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas R. Powell R. 1995. Typhlops gonavensis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (619): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1966. Leeward Islands Typhlops (Reptilia, Serpentes). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 79: 255-265. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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