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Typhlops pusillus BARBOUR, 1914

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Hispaniolan Common Blindsnake, Hispaniola Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops pusillus BARBOUR 1914: 323
Typhlops pusilla — THOMAS 1966: 264
Typhlops pusilla — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 654
Typhlops pusillus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 115
Typhlops pusillus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops pusillus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 769 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic)

Type locality: Cap-Haïtien, Département du Nord, Haiti.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 8719. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum TL 226 mm; TL/taillength 23-27 in males, 32-39 in females; TL/midbody diameter 27-37; middorsal scales 245-332; scale rows 22-22, 22-20-28 (rarely), or 20-18; head shape rounded; rostral narrow in dorsal aspect, clavate, parallel, or oval, apex not flared; postoculars 2, rarely 3 or 1. Coloration bicolor with pale brown to dark brown dorsal pigmentation fading to unpigmented venter over narrow midlateral zone, to completely pigmented with light areas around mouth and vent; intermediate conditions with unpigmented midventral zones of variable extent (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 654). 
CommentSynonymy: Not listed as valid species by CNAH (2011).

Distribution: may have been introduced to Florida, but may not be established there (Schwartz & Henderson, 1988, 1991).

For illustrations see Barbour, 1914; Thomas, 1976. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “pusillus, -a, -um” = small, tiny. Other sources translate pusillus as “shy” (e.g. Thomas & Powell 1994). 
  • Barbour, Thomas 1914. A Contribution to the Zoögeography of the West Indies, with Especial Reference to Amphibians and Reptiles. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy 44 (2): 205-359 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M. 1959. A new blind snake (genus Typhlops) from Cuba. Herpetologica 15 (2): 105-112 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1921. Notes on the herpetology of Santo Domingo. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44: 7-20. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1966. Leeward Islands Typhlops (Reptilia, Serpentes). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 79: 255-265. - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1976. Systematics of Antillean blind snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Ph.D. Thesis, Louisiana State Univ.: xvi + 288pp.
  • Thomas, R. and R. Powell. 1994. Typhlops pusillus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (595) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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