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Typhlops schwartzi THOMAS, 1989

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Hispaniolan Giant Blindsnake, Schwartz' Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops schwartzi THOMAS 1989: 409
Typhlops schwartzi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 657
Typhlops schwartzi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 119
Typhlops schwartzi — KORNILIOS et al. 2013
Typhlops schwartzi — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops schwartzi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 771 
DistributionE Hispaniola (Dominican Republic)

Type locality: 1.5 km W Jayaco, Monseñor Nouel Province, República Dominicana, 800 ft. elevation.  
TypesHolotype: KU 208752. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum TL 326 mm; TL/taillength 22-37 in males, 26-41 in females; TL/midbody diameter 23-28; middorsal scale rows 237-282; scale rows 20-18; snout rounded; rostral in dorsal aspect a narrow oval to parallel-sided, slightly flared on apex, labial margin slightly flared; postoculars 1; dark brown dorsal pigmentation extending onto ventrolateral surface and fading onto venter; facial pigmentation dark and extensive, extending over sides of head onto ventrolateral surface; rostral pigmented over nearly entire length (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 657). 
CommentFor illustrations see Thomas, 1989. 
EtymologyNamed after Albert Schwartz (1923-1992), a biologist and entomologist. He was Professor Emeritus of Biology, Miami-Dade Community College, and was associated with the Florida Museum of Natural History, the National Museum of Natural History, and Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Santo Domingo. See Henderson 1993 for biographical notes. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Domínguez, Michel and Raúl E Díaz 2011. Taxonomy of the Blind Snakes Associated with Typhlops lumbricalis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Scolecophidia, Typhlopidae) from the Bahamas Islands and Cuba. Herpetologica 67 (2): 194-211. - get paper here
  • DOMÍNGUEZ, MICHEL; ANSEL FONG G. & MANUEL ITURRIAGA 2013. A new blind snake (Typhlopidae) from Northeastern Cuba. Zootaxa 3681: 136–146 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Henderson, Robert W. 1993. Albert Schwartz (1923-1992): A memoriam. Herpetological Natural History 1 (2): 95-97
  • Kornilios, P.; S. Giokas, P. Lymberakis, R. Sindaco 2013. Phylogenetic position, origin and biogeography of Palearctic and Socotran blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (1): 35–41 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1989. The relationships of Antillean Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) and the description of three new Hispaniolan species, p. 409-432. In C. A. Woods (ed.), Biogeography of the West Indies: Past, Present, and Future. Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, Florida.
  • Thomas, R. and R. Powell. 1994. Typhlops schwartzi. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (596) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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