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Typhlops schwartzi THOMAS, 1989

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Hispaniolan Giant Blindsnake, Schwartz' Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops schwartzi THOMAS 1989: 409
Typhlops schwartzi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 657
Typhlops schwartzi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 119
Typhlops schwartzi — KORNILIOS et al. 2013
Typhlops schwartzi — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops schwartzi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 771 
DistributionE Hispaniola (Dominican Republic)

Type locality: 1.5 km W Jayaco, Monseñor Nouel Province, República Dominicana, 800 ft. elevation.  
TypesHolotype: KU 208752. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum TL 326 mm; TL/taillength 22-37 in males, 26-41 in females; TL/midbody diameter 23-28; middorsal scale rows 237-282; scale rows 20-18; snout rounded; rostral in dorsal aspect a narrow oval to parallel-sided, slightly flared on apex, labial margin slightly flared; postoculars 1; dark brown dorsal pigmentation extending onto ventrolateral surface and fading onto venter; facial pigmentation dark and extensive, extending over sides of head onto ventrolateral surface; rostral pigmented over nearly entire length (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 657). 
CommentFor illustrations see Thomas, 1989. 
EtymologyNamed after Albert Schwartz (1923-1992), a biologist and entomologist. He was Professor Emeritus of Biology, Miami-Dade Community College, and was associated with the Florida Museum of Natural History, the National Museum of Natural History, and Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Santo Domingo. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Domínguez, Michel and Raúl E Díaz 2011. Taxonomy of the Blind Snakes Associated with Typhlops lumbricalis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Scolecophidia, Typhlopidae) from the Bahamas Islands and Cuba. Herpetologica 67 (2): 194-211. - get paper here
  • DOMÍNGUEZ, MICHEL; ANSEL FONG G. & MANUEL ITURRIAGA 2013. A new blind snake (Typhlopidae) from Northeastern Cuba. Zootaxa 3681: 136–146 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Kornilios, P.; S. Giokas, P. Lymberakis, R. Sindaco 2013. Phylogenetic position, origin and biogeography of Palearctic and Socotran blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (1): 35–41 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1989. The relationships of Antillean Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) and the description of three new Hispaniolan species, p. 409-432. In C. A. Woods (ed.), Biogeography of the West Indies: Past, Present, and Future. Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, Florida.
  • Thomas, R. and R. Powell. 1994. Typhlops schwartzi. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (596) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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