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Typhlops tetrathyreus THOMAS, 1989

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Port-Au-Prince Blindsnake, Haitian Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops tetrathyreus THOMAS 1989: 414
Typhlops tetrathyreus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 660
Typhlops tetrathyreus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 122
Typhlops tetrathyreus — DOMINGUEZ et al. 2013
Typhlops tetrathyreus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops tetrathyreus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 772 
DistributionHispaniola (SE Haiti)

Type locality: 3 mi. (4.8 km) N Pétionville, Dépt. de l'Ouest, Haiti.  
TypesHolotype: KU 208793. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum TL 273 mm; TL/taillength 23-37 in males, 28-41 in females; TUmidbody diameter 25-35; middorsal scale rows 246-294; scale rows 20-18; snout rounded; rostral oval in dorsal aspect, no apical flare, slight labial flare; postoculars 2. Coloration bicolor, dorsum tan to medium brown, fading over narrow midlateral zone to unpigmented venter; pigmentation fading on snout, dorsal part of rostral pigmented; no collar (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 660). 
CommentFor illustrations see Thomas, 1989. 
  • Domínguez, Michel and Raúl E Díaz 2011. Taxonomy of the Blind Snakes Associated with Typhlops lumbricalis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Scolecophidia, Typhlopidae) from the Bahamas Islands and Cuba. Herpetologica 67 (2): 194-211. - get paper here
  • DOMÍNGUEZ, MICHEL; ANSEL FONG G. & MANUEL ITURRIAGA 2013. A new blind snake (Typhlopidae) from Northeastern Cuba. Zootaxa 3681: 136–146 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1989. The relationships of Antillean Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) and the description of three new Hispaniolan species, p. 409-432. In C. A. Woods (ed.), Biogeography of the West Indies: Past, Present, and Future. Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, Florida.
  • Thomas, R. and R. Powell. 1994. Typhlops tetrathyreus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (598) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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