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Tytthoscincus hallieri (LIDTH DE JEUDE, 1905)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma hallieri LIDTH DE JEUDE 1905
Lygosoma hallieri — DE ROOIJ 1915: 210
Lygosoma (Sphenomorphus) hallieri — BRONGERSMA 1942: 129
Sphenomorphus hallieri — BACON 1967: 72
Sphenomorphus hallieri — INGER et al. 2001
Sphenomorphus hallieri — LINKEM et al. 2010
Tytthoscincus hallieri — LINKEM et al. 2011
Tytthoscincus hallieri — GRISMER et al. 2016 
DistributionIndonesia (Borneo), Malaysia (Sabah)

Type locality: Putus Sibau, Kalimantan Barat (Borneo), Indonesia.  
TypesHolotype: RMNH (Leiden) 4456 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (species). Prefrontals juxtaposed; parietals small, separated from supraoculars; tympanum slightly sunken, without auricular lobules; 4 supraoculars; 36-39 scale rows; limbs moderately developed, hind limbs longer than distance between anterior corner of eye and the forelimb; 2 pairs of chin shields (from BACON 1967). 
CommentHabitat: terrestrial.

Type species: Lygosoma hallieri LIDTH DE JEUDE 1905 is the type species of the genus Tytthoscincus LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011.

Description (genus): Tytthoscincus can be identified by the following characters: (1) body size diminutive, usually less than 45 mm SVL; (2) temporal scales small, same size and shape as lateral body scales (Fig. 5); and (3) digits small, toe IV slightly longer than, or equal to, toe III. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Johann Gottfried "Hans" Hallier (1868-1932) a botanist who studied in Munich and Jena and later worked at the universities of Göttingen, Munich, Hamburg, and Leiden. Hewas on the first Dutch scientific expedition to Borneo (1893-1894) and traveled and collected in the Philippines (1903-1904). 
  • Bacon, J. P. 1967. Systematic status of three scincid lizards (genus Sphenomorphus) from Borneo. Fieldiana: Zoology 51: 63-76. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Brongersma,L.D. 1942. Notes on scincid lizards. Zoologische Mededelingen 24: 125-152 - get paper here
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee 2006. Two new species of skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 9 (2): 151-162.
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 2008. A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa 1691:53-66 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; MOHD ABDUL MUIN, PERRY L. WOOD, JR., SHAHRUL ANUAR, & CHARLES W. LINKEM 2016. The transfer of two clades of Malaysian Sphenomorphus Fitzinger (Squamata: Scincidae) into the genus Tytthoscincus Linkem, Diesmos, & Brown and the description of a new Malaysian swamp-dwelling species. Zootaxa 4092 (2): 231–242 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2007. A new species of small montane forest floor skink (genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) form Southern peninsular Malaysia. Herpetologica 63 (4): 544-551 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Ahmad, N. & Kin Onn, C. 2009. A new, diminutive, upland Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843 (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Belum-Temengor Forest Complex, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 2312: 27–38 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Wood Jr., P.L. & Grismer, J.L. 2009. A New Insular Species of Skink of the Genus Sphenomorphus Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Scincidae) from Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20(1): 51–69 - get paper here
  • Inger, R.F.; Lian, R.F.; Lakim, M. & Yambun, P. 2001. New species of the lizard genus Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia: Scincidae), with notes on ecological and geographic distribution of species in Sabah, Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool. 49 (2): 181-189 - get paper here
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1905. Zoological results of the Dutch Scientific Expedition to Central-Borneo. The reptiles. Notes from the Leyden Museum 25 (4): 187-202. - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
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