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Tytthoscincus leproauricularis KARIN, DAS & BAUER, 2016

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Scaly-eared Diminutive Leaf-Litter Skink. 
SynonymTytthoscincus leproauricularis KARIN, DAS & BAUER 2016 
DistributionMalaysia (N Borneo: Sarawak, Gunung Penrissen)

Type locality: West ridge of Gunung Penrissen, 1.115302o N 110.218629o E (WGS84), 1,100 m elevation, Kuching Division, Sarawak, Malaysia.  
TypesHolotype: CAS 259190, collected 14 August 2014 at approximately 13:00 h by Benjamin R. Karin, Pui Yong Min, Samuel Shonleben, and Adi Shabrani. Paratype. A juvenile of the same species (ZRC 2.7122) was collected within 100 m of the holotype on 4 July 2014 by Benjamin R. Karin, Pui Yong Min, Samuel Shonleben, and Adi Shabrani. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Tytthoscincus leproauricularis sp. nov. can be identified by the following combination of characters: (1) body size small (SVL = 33.5 mm); (2) MBSR = 35–37; (3) PVSR = 68–74; (4) VSR = 80–81; (5) four enlarged supraoculars; (6) parietals in contact with the last supraocular; (7) prefrontals separated; (8) two loreals; (9) six or seven supralabials; (10), five infralabials; (11) ten SDL on Toe IV; (12) smooth texture of the subdigital lamellae; (13) enlarged precloacal scales; (14) lacking a dark dorsolateral stripe; (15) lacking a light postorbital stripe; and (16) lacking a light dorsolateral stripe. (Karin et al. 2016: 413)

Comparisons: Karin et al. 2016: 418 + Table 1 (p. 416)

Description of holotype: Karin et al. 2016: 413 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyFrom the Greek lepros (scaly) and latin auricularis (pertaining to the ear) in reference to the scaly, superficial ear that is a distinctive character in the new species. 
  • KARIN, BENJAMIN R.; INDRANEIL DAS, AARON M. BAUER 2016. Two new species of diminutive leaf-litter skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Tytthoscincus) from Gunung Penrissen, Sarawak, Malaysia (northern Borneo). Zootaxa 4093 (3): 407–423 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
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