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Uma cowlesi HEIFETZ, 1941

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Callisaurini; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Yuman Desert Fringe-toed Lizard 
SynonymUma notata rufopunctata COPE 1895: 938 (part.)
Uma rufopunctata — COPE 1895: 939 (part.)
Uma notata cowlesi HEIFETZ 1941 (fide NORRIS 1958)
Uma rufopunctata — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Uma rufopunctata — CROTHER et al. 2012
Uma cowlesi — HEIMES 2022 
DistributionUSA (SW Arizona)

Type locality: USA: Monument 200, Yuma Desert, Yuma County, Arizona.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: CAS 53370; paratype: SDNHM = SDSNH, but syntypes USNM 21846 fide GOTTSCHO et al. 2016.
Holotype: CAS 53370 [cowlesi] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A subspecies of Uma notata differing from the typical form in having a comparatively smaller ventrolateral blotch, and a higher average femoral pore count (Heifetz 1941: 104). 
CommentSynonymy: Uma n. notata is more closely related to U. inornata than to U. n. rufopunctata (Wilgenbusch & de Queiroz 2000 and others). HEIFETZ (1941) synonymized U. rufopuncata with U. notata notata (which he distinguished from U. notata cowlesi). Gottscho et al. 2016 conclude that rufopunctata is a hybrid population (U. notata x cowlesi) and therefore recognize only notata and cowlesi (although they do show rufopunctata in their map in Fig. 1).

Distribution: see map in Gottscho et al. 2016: Fig. 1, Derycke et al. 2020: 68 (Fig. 1). 
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  • Goldberg, Stephen R., Charles R. Bursey and Jeanette Arreola. 2014. Uma rufopunctata (Yuman desert fringe-toed lizard) endoparasites. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 334-335 - get paper here
  • Gottscho, A.D., Wood, D.A., Vandergast, A.G., Lemos-Espinal, J., Gatesy, J., Reeder, T.W. 2016. Lineage Diversification of Fringe-toed Lizards (Phrynosomatidae: Uma notata complex) in the Colorado Desert: Delimiting Species in the Presence of Gene Flow. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 106: 103-117 - get paper here
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  • Heimes, P. 2022. LIZARDS OF MEXICO - Part 1 Iguanian lizards. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt Am Main, 448 pp.
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