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Uromastyx ocellata LICHTENSTEIN, 1823

IUCN Red List - Uromastyx ocellata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Uromastycinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Ocellated Spinytail 
SynonymUromastyx ocellatus LICHTENSTEIN 1823: 107
Uromastix ocellatus — ANDERSON 1898: 127
Aporoscelis princeps — SCORTECCI 1933
Uromastix ocellatus — LOVERIDGE 1936: 58
Uromastyx ocellata — WERMUTH 1967: 104
Uromastyx ocellata ocellata — WILMS 2002: 16
Uromastyx ocellata — WILMS et al. 2009
Uromastyx ocellata — TAMAR et al. 2017 
DistributionNW Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea, N Sudan (Jumhūriyyat), SE Egypt, Ethiopia (near Somalian border)

Type locality: “Nubia” (and Syria).  
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 809, Nubia; ZMB 811–13, Nubia; ZMB 810, Syria; all specimens leg. Hemprich & Ehrenberg. After DENZER et al. (1997), ZMB 811–13 are lost which we cannot confirm at least for ZMB 811. 
DiagnosisDifferential diagnosis: Uromastyx ocellata is distinguished from U. thomasi and U. princepsby the significantly longer tail. From all remaining species of the genus (with the exception of the U. ocellata group and U. macfadyeni) by the arrangement of the annuli of the tail: last 8–21 forming a continuous scale row each (U. ocellata group and U. macfadyeni) vs. 2–5 whorls forming a continuous scale row (all other Uromastyxspecies). From U. benti, U. shobraki and U. yemenensis the species differs in possessing preanofemoralpores and from U. ornataand U. macfadyeni in lacking enlarged scales on the anterior margin of the ear opening. 
CommentUromastyx ocellata macfadyeni PARKER 1932 is now treated as a full species (again). Uromastyx ocellata ornata has been elevated to full species status and U. o. philbyi is now treated as subspecies of U. ornata.

Max length: 30 cm. 
  • Anderson, J. 1898. Zoology of Egypt. Vol. l. Reptilia and Batrachia. B. Quaritch, London
  • Frahm, S. 2006. Die Geschmückte Dornschwanzagame (Uromastyx ocellata). Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Joger,U. 1987. An interpetation of reptile zoogeography in Arabia, with special reference to Arabian herpetofaunal relations with Africa. In: Krupp,F., Schneider,W. & Kinzelbach,R. (eds.): Proceedings of the symposium on the fauna and zoogeography of the Middle Eas Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, A 28, Wiesbaden: 257-271.
  • Kliche, B. 2004. Angaben zur Haltung, Zucht und Aufzucht von Uromastyx ocellata LICHTENSTEIN 1823. Sauria, Berlin 26 (3): 23-28 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2006. Lizards of Ethiopia (Reptilia Sauria): an annotated checklist, bibliography, gazetteer and identification. Tropical Zoology 19 (1): 21-109 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Lichtenstein, M. HINRICH C. 1823. Verzeichniss der Doubletten des zoologischen Museums der Königl. Universität zu Berlin nebst Beschreibung vieler bisher unbekannter Arten von Säugethieren, Vögeln, Amphibien und Fischen. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss./ T. Trautwein, Berlin. x, 118 pages - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Milto, Konstantin D.; Samy A. Saber, Abdullah M. Nagy, Roman A. Nazarov, Daniel A. Melnikov, Natalia B. Ananjeva 2019. First Report on the Reptile Diversity of Wadi El Gemal National Park, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Russ. J. Herpetol. 26 (3): 175-184 - get paper here
  • Mohammed, Elagba H. A. and Dawi M. Hammad 2008. Notes on a sympatric population of two species of spiny-tailed lizards in Sudan: Uromastyx dispar Heyden, 1827, and U. ocellata Lichtenstein, 1823 (Sauria: Agamidae). Zoology in the Middle East 44: 51-56 - get paper here
  • Mudde, P. & Hofstra, G. 2008. Nieuwe Uromastyx soorten in de hobby. Lacerta 65 (6): 254-262 [2007] - get paper here
  • Schätti, B. & Gasperetti, J. 1994. A contribution to the herpetofauna of Southwest Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 14: 348-423
  • Schmidt, K. P. & Marx, H. 1956. The herpetology of Sinai. Fieldiana 39 (4): 21-40 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Tamar, Karin; Margarita Metallinou , Thomas Wilms , Andreas Schmitz , Pierre‐André Crochet , Philippe Geniez , Salvador Carranza 2017. Evolutionary history of spiny-tailed lizards (Agamidae: Uromastyx) from the Saharo-Arabian region. Zool Scripta 2017;00:1–15 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2001. Dornschwanzagamen, 2. Aufl. Herpeton, Offenbach, 142 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2002. Habits, care and breeding of spiny-tailed agamas (the Uromastyx-ocellata complex as an example). Reptilia (GB) (21): 19-29 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2002. Uromastyx - spiny-tailed agamas. Reptilia (GB) (21): 12-18 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2007. Dornschwanzagamen der Gattung Uromastyx - Einführung in Taxonomie und Ökologie einer auf Wüsten spezialisierten Echsengruppe. Draco 8 (31): 4-19 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T.; Strassen, B.; Oppermann, A. & Petri, C. 2007. Ein Beitrag zur artgerechten Einrichtung und Beleuchtung von Terrarien für die Haltung von Dornschwanzagamen. Draco 8 (31): 20-29 - get paper here
  • Wilms, Th. & W. Böhme 2000. Zur Taxonomie und Verbreitung der Arten der Uromastyx-ocellata-Gruppe (Sauria: Agamidae). Zoology in the Middle East 21:55 - get paper here
  • Wilms, Thomas; Böhme, Wolfgang; Wagner, Philipp; Lutzmann, Nicolà; Andreas Schmitz 2009. On the Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Genus Uromastyx Merrem, 1820 (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae: Uromastycinae) – Resurrection of the Genus Saara Gray, 1845. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 56: 55-99 - get paper here
  • Wilms,T. 1995. Dornschwanzagamen. MÜNSTER: 130 (ISBN 3-9802892-5-7) - get paper here
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