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Uromastyx ornata HEYDEN, 1827

IUCN Red List - Uromastyx ornata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Uromastycinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesUromastyx ornata ornata HEYDEN 1827
Uromastyx ornata philbyi PARKER 1938 
Common NamesE: Ornate Mastigure
G: Bunte Dornschwanzagame 
SynonymUromastyx ornatus HEYDEN in RÜPPELL 1827: 1
Uromastix ornatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 538
Uromastix ornatus — BOULENGER 1885: 406
Uromastyx ornatus — WERMUTH 1967: 104
Uromastyx ocellatus ornatus ARNOLD 1986
Uromasyx ocellata ornata — WILMS 1995
Uromastyx ornata ornata — WILMS 2001: 96
Uromastyx ocellata ornata — WILMS 2002: 13,18
Uromastyx ornata — WILMS 2002: 21
Uromastyx ornata ornata — TAMAR et al. 2017

Uromastyx ornata philbyi PARKER 1938
Uromastyx philbyi PARKER 1938: 484
Uromastyx philbyi — WERMUTH 1967: 104
Uromastyx ocellata philbyi — JOGER 1987
Uromastyx philbyi — ZARI 1999
Uromastyx ornata philbyi — WILMS 2001: 97
Uromastyx ornata philbyi — WILMS 2007
Uromastyx ornata philbyi — WILMS et al. 2009
Uromastyx ornata philbyi — TAMAR et al. 2017 
DistributionEgypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Yemen

ornatus: E Egypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia.

philbyi: W Saudi Arabia, NW Yemen; Type locality: between Makkah and Shabwa, southern Hejaz, between Mountains and Rub al Khali, Saudi Arabia.

Type locality: Mohila “an der östlichen Küste des Rothen Meeres” (= Al Muwaylih, Saudi Arabia fide ARNOLD 1986 = Moila, Arabia, fide SCHMIDT & MARX 1956).  
TypesHolotype: SMF 10403, leg. E. Rüppell, 1828.
Holotype: BMNH 1946.8.14.65 (former number: BMNH 1938.2.1.1), male, coll. H. ST. J. B. PHILBY, without date [philbyi] 
DiagnosisDifferential diagnosis: Uromastyx ornata is distinguished from U. thomasi and U. princeps by the significantly longer tail. From all remaining species of the genus (with the exception of the U. ocellata group and U. macfadyeni) by the arrangement of the annuli of the tail: last 8–21 forming a continuous scale row each (U. ocellata group and U. macfadyeni) vs. 2–5 whorls forming a continuous scale row (all other Uromastyx species). From U. benti, U. shobraki and U. yemenensis the species differs in possessing preanofemoralpores and from U. ocellatain having enlarged scales on the anterior margin of the ear opening. From U. macfadyeniit is distinguished by a different ratio between tail width at the 5th tail whorl and between 4th and 5th whorl (tail width between the 4th and 5th whorl equivalent to 63–79 % of maximum tail width at the 5th whorl in U. ornata vs. tail width between the 4th and 5th whorl equivalent to 56–62 % of maximum tail width at 5th whorl in U. macfadyeni).

Differential diagnosis (ornata, philbyi): Uromastyx o. ornatais distinguished from U. o. philbyi by its narrower tail (ratio tail length divided by maximum tail width at the 5thwhorl is 3.61–5.3 in ornata vs. 3.03–3.96 in philbyi). 
CommentUromastyx ocellata macfadyeni PARKER 1932 is now treated as a full species (again). Illustrations of newborn U. ornata are in WILMS (2002: 24).

Distribution: listed as questionable/possible for Jordan by DISI et al. 2001. 
EtymologyThe Latin ornata, -us, = decorated" or "ornamented," refers to the ornate coloration. 
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