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Uromastyx princeps O’SHAUGHNESSY, 1880

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Uromastycinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Princely Spiny-tailed Lizard, Somalian Mastigure
G: Somalische Dornschwanzagame 
SynonymUromastyx princeps O’SHAUGHNESSY 1880: 445
Aporoscelis princeps — BOULENGER 1885: 410
Aporoscelis princeps — SCORTECCI 1931: 144
Uromastix princeps — PARKER 1942: 55
Uromastyx princeps scortecci CHERCHI 1954 (fide PASTEUR & BONS 1960)
Uromastyx princeps — WERMUTH 1967: 104
Uromastyx princeps — WILMS 2002: 16
Uromastyx princeps — WILMS et al. 2009
Uromastyx princeps — TAMAR et al. 2017 
DistributionEthiopia (Eritrea)?, Somalia (Sanaag, Bari, Nugal, Mudug)

Type locality: Zanzibar (probably in error); restricted to Candala, NE Somalia.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.814.56 
DiagnosisDifferential diagnosis: With the exception of Uromastyx thomasi, U. princeps is distinguished from all other taxa in the genus by its significantly shorter tail. From U. thomasi it is distinguished by the absence of preanofemoral pores. 
CommentDistribution: not in East Africa (i.e. Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi fide S. Spawls, pers. comm., 28 June 2018). Not known with certainty from localities outside of Somalia (WILMS 2007). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Calabresi, E. 1927. Anfibi e rettili raccolti nella Somalia dai Prof f. G. Stefanini e N. Puccioni (Gennaio-Luglio 1924). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale in Milano, 66:14—60.
  • Cherchi, M. A. 1954. una nuova sottospecie di Uromastix princeps O’Schaug. Atti Soc. ital. Sci. nat. Milano 93: 538-544 + 1 plate
  • Gans, C.; LAURENT, R.F. & PANDIT, H. 1965. Notes on a herpetological collection from the Somali Republic. Ann. Mus. Roy. Afr. Centr., Sér. 8vo, Tervuren, (80) Zool., (134): 1-93
  • Lanza, B. 1983. A list of the Somali amphibians and reptiles. MONITORE ZOOLOGICO ITALIANO, new Ser., SUPPL. 18 (8): 193-247 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988] - get paper here
  • Mazuch, Tomáš 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of Somaliland and Eastern Ethiopia. Tomáš Mazuch Publishing, 80 pp. ISBN: 978-80-905439-0-4 - get paper here
  • O'shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1880. Description of a new Species of Uromastix. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1880: 445-446 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1942. The lizards of British Somaliland. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 1—101 - get paper here
  • Pasteur,G. & BONS,J. 1960. Catalogue des reptiles actuels du Maroc. Revisions des formes d’Afrique, d’Europe et d’Asie. Trav. Inst. sci. chérif., Rabat, (Zool.) 21: 1-134
  • Scortecci, G. 1930. Secondo contributo alla conoscenza dei rettili della Somalia Italiana. Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale in Milano, 69:127—152.
  • Scortecci, G. 1933. Osservazioni su di uno strano Agamide della Migiurtinia. Natura 24 (2): 92-97
  • Tamar, Karin; Margarita Metallinou , Thomas Wilms , Andreas Schmitz , Pierre‐André Crochet , Philippe Geniez , Salvador Carranza 2017. Evolutionary history of spiny-tailed lizards (Agamidae: Uromastyx) from the Saharo-Arabian region. Zool Scripta 2017;00:1–15 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2001. Dornschwanzagamen, 2. Aufl. Herpeton, Offenbach, 142 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2002. Uromastyx - spiny-tailed agamas. Reptilia (GB) (21): 12-18 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2007. Dornschwanzagamen der Gattung Uromastyx - Einführung in Taxonomie und Ökologie einer auf Wüsten spezialisierten Echsengruppe. Draco 8 (31): 4-19 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. & F. Hulbert 1995. Das Portrait: Uromastyx princeps O‘Shaughnessy. Sauria 17 (3): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T.; Löhr, B. & Hulbert, F. 2002. Erstmalige Nachzucht der Oman-Dornschwanzagame - Uromastyx thomasi PARKER 1930 - (Sauria: Agamidae: Leiolepidinae) mit Hinweisen zur intraspezifischen Variabilität und zur Lebensweise. Salamandra 38 (1): 45-62 - get paper here
  • Wilms, Thomas; Böhme, Wolfgang; Wagner, Philipp; Lutzmann, Nicolà; Andreas Schmitz 2009. On the Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Genus Uromastyx Merrem, 1820 (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae: Uromastycinae) – Resurrection of the Genus Saara Gray, 1845. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 56: 55-99 - get paper here
  • Wilms,T. 1995. Dornschwanzagamen. MÜNSTER: 130 (ISBN 3-9802892-5-7) - get paper here
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