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Uropeltis ellioti (GRAY, 1858)

IUCN Red List - Uropeltis ellioti - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Elliot's Earth Snake
G: Rauhschwanzschlange 
SynonymSiloboura [sic] ellioti GRAY 1858
Siloboura [sic] ellioti GRAY 1858: 377
Silybura Elliotii — GÜNTHER 1864: 190
S[ilybura] punctata GÜNTHER 1875
Silybura Elliotii — BEDDOME 1886: 20
Silybura ellioti — BOULENGER 1893: 154
Uropeltis ellioti — SMITH 1943
Uropeltis ellioti — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 145
Uropeltis cf. ellioti — VYAS & PRAJAPATI 2010
Uropeltis ellioti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 779 
DistributionS India (Gujarat, Hills of Peninsular India. Western Ghats south of the Goa Gap to Tinnevelly; Eastern Ghats: Shevaroys, Coimbatore district, South Arcot, Jalarpet, Vizagapatam distriet, Ganjam; Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Kerala, Telangana).

Type locality: “Madras”, India
Type locality: "Pulney hills, Goleondah hills. [Silybura punctata GÜNTHER]  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.16.6
Syntypes [Silybura punctata GÜNTHER]: BMNH 1946.1.16.40 (Golcondah hills), 1946.1.16.43 —1964.1.16.46 (Pulney bills). BMNH 1946.1.16.28 (formerly, Nilgiris, Anamallays, 2,000—4,000 feet) is labelled type but should be excluded from the type series because of the different locality (fide GANS 1966). 
EtymologyNamed after Sir WaIter Elliot (1803-1887), a career civil servant in the East India Company, Madras (1821-1860), among other admistrative positions. He was also a distinguished Orientalist, with interests in botany, zoology, Indian languages, and archeology. 
  • Beddome, R.H. 1886. An account of the earth snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Chettri, Basundhara & S. Bhupathy 2010. Three little known reptile species from the Araku Valley, Eastern Ghats with notes on their distribution. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (8): 1109-1113 - get paper here
  • Ganesh S.R., Bubesh Guptha 2021. Herpetological diversity in the Central Eastern Ghats, Peninsular India. Journal of Animal Diversity 3 (3): 18-44 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S. R.; M. Arumugam 2016. Species Richness of Montane Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India: A Historical Resume and a Descriptive Checklist. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (1): 7-24 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; A. Kalaimani, P. Karthik, N. Baskaran, R. Nagarajan & S.R.Chandramouli 2018. Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India – II From Western Ghats to Coromandel Coast. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, July 2018. Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 28-45 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; S. Bhupathy, P. Karthik, G. Babu Rao & S. Babu 2020. Catalogue of herpetological specimens from peninsular India at the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History (SACON), India. JoTT 12 (9): 16123–16135 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1858. On a new genus and several new species of Uropeltidae in the collection of the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1858: 260-265. - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1858. On a new genus and several new species of Uropeltidae in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 2: 376-381 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1875. Second report on collections of Indian Reptiles obtained bv the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1875: 224-234 - get paper here
  • Guptha, M. Bubesh; P.V. Chalapathi Rao, D. Srinivas Reddy, P. Madhu Babu & SRSC. Sekhar Manddala 2013. New Record of Elliot’s Shieldtail (Gray, 1858) in Seshachalam Biosphere Reserve, Eastern Ghats, Andhra Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (15): 7-8 - get paper here
  • Kannan, P.; Bhupathy, S. 1997. Occurrence of the Elliot's Shieldtail snake (Uropeltis ellioti) in Anaikatty Hills, Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Cobra 28: 34-35
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mukherjee, Debanik & S. Bhupathy 2004. Uropeltis ellioti in the diet of Naja naja. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 109-110 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; and Raju Vyas 2019. Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes 12: 765-777 - get paper here
  • Pyron R. A., Ganesh S. R., Sayyed A., Sharma V., Wallach V. & Somaweera R. 2016. A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). [type catalogue] Zoosystema 38 (4): 453-506 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Visvanathan, A., Anne, S., Kolli, A. K., & Vangari, S. M. 2022. Snakes of Telangana: An annotated checklist with new locality records and notes on natural history. Reptiles & Amphibians, 29(1), 279-285 - get paper here
  • VYAS, R. & V. PRAJAPATI 2010. Notizen zu Reptilien aus den Salher Hills, Nord - Sahyadri, Bundesstaat Maharashtra, Indien. Sauria 32 (4): 70-74 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Herptofauna of Puma Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (8): 10-15 - get paper here
  • Wadatkar, J.S. & M.P. Chikhale 2010. First record of Uropeltis ellioti and study of their habits and habitat in Melghat Forest in Satpuda. Reptile Rap (9): 4-5 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
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