Uropeltis grandis (BEDDOME, 1867)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Uropeltis grandis?
|Higher Taxa||Uropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Smith's Earth Snake|
|Synonym||Rhinophis grandis BEDDOME 1867 (non Uropeltis grandis KELLART 1857)|
Silybura grandis — BEDDOME 1886: 11
Silybura grandis — BOULENGER 1893: 148
Uropeltis grandis — SMITH 1943: 85
Uropeltis smithi GANS 1966 (nomen novum)
Uropeltis smithi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 151
Uropeltis smithi — DAS 2003
Uropeltis smithi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 782
Uropeltis grandis — PYRON et al. 2016
|Distribution||India (Anaimalai hills, 4,000—4,700 feet, Kerala).|
Type locality: „Anamallay forests in moist woods at 4,000 feet elevation", S India
|Types||Syntypes: BMNH 19188.8.131.52; MNHN 1895.0079.|
|Diagnosis||Description: Snout pointed; rostral sometimes separating the nasals, the portion visible above equal to the distance between it and the middle of the frontal; eye one-third the length of the oculer shield. Scales in 19 rows; V. 198-218, one and a half times as broad as the adjacent scales; C. 6-12. Tail feebIy compressed, rounded above; preanal and caudal scales multicarinate in the male, terminal scute |
ending in two points (Smith 1943: 85).
Coloration: Dark violet, belly with large alternating yellow spots or cross-bars (Smith 1943: 85).
Total length: 470, diameter 12 mm (Smith 1943: 85).
|Comment||Synonymy: R. grandis BEDDOME 1867 is a secondary junior homonym of Uropeltis grandis KELAART 1857 and has therefore been replaced by GANS 1966.|
The name U. smithi Gans, 1966 was created as a replacement for Rhinophis grandis Beddome, 1867. A possible issue of homonymy was created when Rhinophis grandis Beddome, 1867 was transferred to Uropeltis by Smith (1943), since U. grandis Kelaart, 1853 was a pre-existing name. Gans (1966) thus erected U. smithi as a nomen novum for Rhinophis grandis Beddome, 1867, with the same type series and locality. However, Tennent (1861) had long since relegated U. grandis Kelaart, 1853 to the synonymy of Pseudotyphlops philippinus (Müller, 1832), which Pyron et al. 2016 renamed as R. saffragamus (Kelaart, 1853) n. comb.
|Etymology||Named after Latin grandis, meaning "big". It references the size of this species (~47cm length, ~12mm diameter) among its cogeners|
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