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Uropeltis maculata (BEDDOME, 1878)

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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Spotted Earth Snake 
SynonymSilybura maculata BEDDOME 1878: 154
Silybura maculata — BEDDOME 1886: 22
Silybura maculata — BOULENGER 1893: 149
Uropeltis maculatus — SMITH 1943: 83
Uropeltis maculatus — GANS 1966
Uropeltis maculata — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 146
Uropeltis maculatus — DAS 2003
Uropeltis maculata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 766 
DistributionS India (Anaimalai and Travancore Hills, 6,000—7,000 feet, , Kerala)

Type locality: Not listed; “Anamallays” fide BOULENGER 1893: 149.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.16.63—1946.1.16.65, 1946.1.16.83—1946.1.16.84 (Anamallays) are listed as types by BOULENGER. 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout obtusely pointed; portion of rostral visible from above equal to its distance from the frontal or a little longer; nasals in contact with one another; eye half the length of the ocular shield or a little less. Scales in 17 rows; V. 154-165, one and 80 half times as broad as the adjacent scales; C. 8-13. Tail compressed, rounded above, slightly swollen; the terminal scales above smooth or feebly keeled; terminal scute with minute tubercles above, ending in a transverse ridge with two points (Smith 1943: 83).

Coloration: Dark brown or black above, black below, the ventrals and adjacent caudals with light margins; a series of orange (red in life) blotches along the side of the neck and fore part of the body and also along the hinder part of the body and tail (Smith 1943: 83).

Size: Total length: 390, diameter 11 mm (Smith 1943: 83). 
  • Beddome, R.H. 1878. Descriptions of new Uropeltidae from Southern India, with remarks on some previously described species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1878: 154-155 - get paper here
  • Beddome, R.H. 1886. An account of the earth snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil 2003. Growth of Knowledge on the Reptiles of India, with an Introduction to Systematics, Taxonomy and Nomenclature. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 100 (2-3): 446-502 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Pyron R. A., Ganesh S. R., Sayyed A., Sharma V., Wallach V. & Somaweera R. 2016. A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). [type catalogue] Zoosystema 38 (4): 453-506 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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