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Uropeltis rubromaculata (BEDDOME, 1867)

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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Red-spotted Earth Snake 
SynonymSilybura rubromaculata BEDDOME 1867
Silybura rubromaculata — BEDDOME 1886: 14
Silybura rubromaculata — BOULENGER 1893: 157
Uropeltis rubromaculatus — SMITH 1943: 81
Uropeltis rubromaculata — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 150
Uropeltis rubromaculatus — DAS 2003
Uropeltis rubromaculata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 782
Uropeltis rubromaculata — PYRON et al. 2016 
DistributionS India (Anaimalai and Nilgiri hills (4,000—5,000 feet), Kerala, Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: „Anamallay forests; 4,000 feet elevation", S India.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.15.51—1946.1.15.52, 1946.1.15.82—1946.1.15.84. 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout obtusely pointed; portion of rostral visible from above equal to its distance from the frontal; eye equal to or more than half the length of the ocular shield. Scales in 17 rows; V. 127-136, one and a half times as broad as the adjacent scales; C. 7-10. Tail as in macrolepis (Smith 1943: 81).

Coloration: Dark brown above the hinder part of each scale dull yellow or yellowish-brown, or the two colours in almost equal proportions; the same below but the yellow olour predominating; from 3 to 6 large blood-red spots on each side of the neck and fore part of the body and one on each side of the tail near the vent (Smith 1943: 81).

Total length: 380; diameter 12 mm (Smith 1943: 81). 
  • Beddome, R.H. 1867. Descriptions and figures of five new snakes from the Madras Presidency. Madras Quart. J. Med. Sci., 11: 14-16. [Reprint: J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Sci., London, 1 (10): 315- 317, 1940.] - get paper here
  • Beddome, R.H. 1886. An account of the earth snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33. - get paper here
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Constable, JOHN D. 1949. Reptiles from the Indian Peninsula in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 103: 59-160. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil 2003. Growth of Knowledge on the Reptiles of India, with an Introduction to Systematics, Taxonomy and Nomenclature. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 100 (2-3): 446-502 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Pyron R. A., Ganesh S. R., Sayyed A., Sharma V., Wallach V. & Somaweera R. 2016. A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). [type catalogue] Zoosystema 38 (4): 453-506 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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