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IUCN Red List - Uroplatus finiavana - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
DistributionN Madagascar (Montagne d’Ambre massif)

Type locality: Montagne d'Ambre, 700–1000 m elevation.  
Reproductionoviparous (manual and phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: ZSM 328/2004 (FGZC 625, adult male, hemipenes partly everted) collected on 19–23 February 2004 by F. Glaw, M. Puente, R.D. Randrianiaina & A. Razafimanantsoa. Paratypes. ZSM 1132/2003 (FG/MV 2002-2387, adult male); ZSM 1133/2003 (FG/MV 2002-2388, adult male); ZSM 1134/2003 (FG/MV 2002-2390, adult female); and ZSM 1135/2003 (FG/MV 2002-3083, adult male), all collected at Montagne d'Ambre, on 17–20 February 2003 by F. Glaw, R. D. Randrianiaina & A. Razafimanantsoa; ZFMK (formerly ZSM 323/ 2004). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Uroplatus finiavana sp. nov. differs from all other taxa of the U. fimbriatus species group (U. fim- briatus, U. giganteus, U. henkeli, U. sikorae and U. sameiti) and U. lineatus by its smaller size (adult SVL 52–65 mm versus at least 85 mm) and lack of lateral membranous fringes on any part of the body and limbs; and from Uroplatus alluaudi, U. guentheri, U. pietschmanni, and U. malahelo by its smaller size (adult SVL 52–65 mm ver- sus 69–81 mm), laterally compressed body with a vertebral keel, and more triangular head. 
CommentUroplatus finiavana is morphologically similar to the sympatric U. ebenaui but differs in multiple character state expressions, among which are a longer tail and an unpigmentated oral mucosa. It also can be differentiated from U. ebenaui and all other Uroplatus species based on a high level of divergence in the mitochondrial ND4 gene and the nuclear C-mos gene, and no instances of haplotype sharing exist in these genes among the analysed species. The new species is relatively abundant at Montagne d'Ambre National Park where at lower elevations (ca. 700 m) it occurs together with U. ebenaui, without any signal of genetic admixture.

Distribution: see map in RATSOAVINA et al. 2020: 258 (Fig. 3). 
EtymologyThe specific name is derived from the Malagasy word "finiavana" meaning initiative. We refer to the fact that we took the initiative to name the species following years of this taxon having been recognized as likely being distinct. The name is used as a noun in apposition. 
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2014. Herpetology in Bonn. Mertensiella 21. vi + 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Gehring, P.S. 2013. Seelenräuber mit Haftlamellen - Madagassische Plattschwanzgeckos der Gattung Uroplatus. Draco 13 (52): 4-17 - get paper here
  • Gehring, P.S. & Schönecker, P. 2013. Auf der Suche nach Plattschwanzgeckos in Madagaskar. Draco 13 (52): 18-33 - get paper here
  • Gehring, Phillip-Sebastian 2020. Leaf-tailed Geckos – The Complete Uroplatus. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 383 pp., ISBN: 978-3-89973-349-5 [review in HR 53 (1): 171]
  • Kwet, Axel 2012. Liste der im Jahr 2011 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (3): 46-57 - get paper here
  • Ratsoavina, F. M., N. R. Raminosoa, E. E. Louis Jr., A. P. Raselimanana, F. Glaw & M. Vences 2013. An overview of Madagascar’s leaf tailed geckos (genus Uroplatus): species boundaries, candidate species and review of geographical distribution based on molecular data. Salamandra 49 (3): 115-148 - get paper here
  • RATSOAVINA, FANOMEZANA M.; FRANK GLAW, ACHILLE P. RASELIMANANA, ANDOLALAO RAKOTOARISON, DAVID R. VIEITES, OLIVER HAWLITSCHEK, MIGUEL VENCES, MARK D. SCHERZ 2020. Towards completion of the species inventory of small-sized leaf-tailed geckos: two new species of Uroplatus from northern Madagascar. Zootaxa 4895 (2): 251–271 - get paper here
  • RATSOAVINA, FANOMEZANA MIHAJA; EDWARD E. LOUIS JR., ANGELICA CROTTINI, ROGER-DANIEL RANDRIANIAINA, FRANK GLAW & MIGUEL VENCES 2011. A new leaf tailed gecko species from northern Madagascar with a preliminary assessment of molecular and morphological variability in the Uroplatus ebenaui group. Zootaxa 3022: 39–57
  • Ratsoavina, Fanomezana Mihaja; Miguel Vences & Edward E. Louis Jr. 2012. Phylogeny and phylogeography of the Malagasy leaf-tailed geckos in the Uroplatus ebenaui group. African Journal of Herpetology 61 (2): 143-158 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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