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Varanus yemenensis BÖHME, JOGER & SCHÄTTI, 1989

IUCN Red List - Varanus yemenensis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Varanoidea, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Yemen Monitor
G: Jemenwaran 
SynonymVaranus yemenensis BÖHME et al. 1989
Varanus yemenensis — DE LISLE 1996: 141
Varanus (Polydaedalus) yemenensis — ZIEGLER & BÖHME 1997
Varanus yemenensis — AST 2001
Varanus (Polydaedalus) yemenensis — BUCKLITSCH et al. 2016: 50 
DistributionYemen (Mountains of Tihama along the western coast of Yemen, from Aden in the south to the southern Asir Mountains), N Saudi Arabia.

Type locality: As Sokhna, Yemen  
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 46500; paratypes: MHNG and BMNH 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Böhme et al. 1989: 434 
CommentDistribution: For a detailed map and locality data see BAYLESS (2002) and BÖHME et al. 1989 (Fig. 2).

Diet: insects (primarily beetles), snails; in captivity a specimen fed on mice, chicken and other birds, fish, crickets and large cockroaches. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Ast, Jennifer C. 2001. Mitochondrial DNA Evidence and Evolution in Varanoidea (Squamata). Cladistics 17 (3): 211-226 [erratum in 18 (1):125] - get paper here
  • BAYLESS, M.K. 2007. A Revised List of Ixodid Ticks Known to The Yemen Monitor (Varanus yemenensis); With a Review of the Ixodid Ticks (Ixoidea) Species Known to African and Arabian Monitor Lizards [Varanidae: Polydaedalus]. Biawak 1 (2): 67-72 - get paper here
  • Bayless, Mark K. 2002. Monitor lizards: a pan-African check-list of their zoogeography (Sauria: Varanidae: Polydaedalus). Journal of Biogeography 29: 1643–1701 - get paper here
  • Becker, Hans Otto 1991. Lung morphology of Varanus yemenensis Böhme, Joger & Schätti, 1989, and its bearing on the systematics of the Afro-Asian monitor radiation. Mertensiella 2: 29-37
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2014. Herpetology in Bonn. Mertensiella 21. vi + 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Böhme,W.; Fritz, J. P. & Schütte, F. 1987. Neuentdeckung einer Großechse (Sauria; Varanus) aus der Arabischen Republik Jemen. Herpetofauna 9 (46): 13-20 - get paper here
  • Böhme,W.; Joger,U. & Schätti,B. 1989. A new monitor lizard (Reptilia: Varanidae) from Yemen, with notes on ecology, phylogeny, and zoology. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 10: 433-448
  • Fritz, Johannes-Peter; Fritz, Barbara 1991. Karyotypic characterization of Varanus yemensis. Mertensiella 2: 136-142
  • FRÝDLOVÁ, PETRA and DANIEL FRYNTA 2010. A test of Rensch’s rule in varanid lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 293–306 - get paper here
  • Koch, Z.; Philipp, K. & Ziegler, T. 2010. The Monitor Man: A Story of Stunning Discoveries and Charismatic Creatures. Biawak 4 (4): 132-152 - get paper here
  • Lisle, H.F. de 1996. Natural History of Monitor Lizards. Krieger, Malabar (Florida)
  • Pianka, E. R. and D. R. King, eds. 2004. Varanoid Lizards of the World. Indiana University Press, 599 pp - get paper here
  • Portik, Daniel M.;Theodore J. Papenfuss 2011. Monitors cross the Red Sea: The biogeographic history of Varanus yemenensis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62 (1): - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert and Wolfgang Wranik 2017. Untersuchungen und Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna des Jemen. Jemen-Report Jg. 48 (1/2)
  • Schätti, B. & Gasperetti, J. 1994. A contribution to the herpetofauna of Southwest Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 14: 348-423
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, Thomas; Böhme, Wolfgang 1997. Genitalstrukturen und Paarungsbiologie bei squamaten Reptilien, speziell den Platynota, mit Bemerkungen zur Systematik. Mertensiella 8: 1-207
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