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Xantusia henshawi STEJNEGER, 1893

IUCN Red List - Xantusia henshawi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Xantusiinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Granite Night Lizard
S: Nocturna de Granito 
SynonymXantusia henshawi STEJNEGER 1893
Xantusia picta COPE 1895: 859 (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950)
Xantusia henshawi — SMITH 1946: 325
Xantusia henshawi — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 155
Xantusia henshawi — SAVAGE 1963
Xantusia henshawi — STEBBINS 1985: 143
Xantusia henshawi — LINER 1994
Xantusia henshawi — SINCLAIR et al. 2004 
DistributionUSA (S California),
Mexico (Baja California Norte)

Type locality: Witch Creek, San Diego county, California, 2,700 feet.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 20339
Holotype: ANSP 12881 [Xantusia picta] 
CommentHabitat/Ecomorph: rock-crevice 
EtymologyNamed after the collector H.W. Henshaw (1850-1930), who served as ornithologist on the Wheeler Survey and collected the type specimen of Xantusia henshawi. 
  • Atsatt, S.R. 1925. Observations upon living Xantusia henshawi Copeia 146: 71-72. - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bezy, Robert L. and Oscar Flores Villela. 1999. A new species of Xantusia (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from Zacatecas, Mexico. Herpetologica 55 (2): 174-184. - get paper here
  • Bezy, Robert L.; Kit B. Bezy, Kathryn Bolles, and Wade C. Sherbrooke 2019. Night lizards (Xantusia) and their discoverers on the Baja California Peninsula. Sonoran Herpetologist 32 (2): 25-33 - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. & SItes, J.W. 1987. A preliminary study of allozyme evolution in the lizard family Xantusiidae. Herpetologica 43: 281-289 - get paper here
  • Brattstrom, B.H. 1952. The Food of the Nightlizards, Genus Xantusia. Copeia 1952 (3). 168-172. - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Goldberg, S.R. 2013. Reproduction in the Granite Night Lizard, Xantusia henshawi (Squamata: Xantusiidae), from southern California. Sonoran Herpetologist 26 (1):9-11. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Galvan, Mark A. 1986. A new night lizard (Xantusia henshawi) from a sandstone habitat in San Diego County, California. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 21 (10): 155-165 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Kabes, L.E. & R.W. Clark 2016. The Use of Chemical Cues by Granite Night Lizards (Xantusia henshawi) to Evaluate Potential Predation Risk Copeia 104 (4): 930-941. - get paper here
  • Klauber, L.M. 1926. Field Notes on Xantusia henshawi Copeia 152: 115-117. - get paper here
  • Lee, J. C. 1976. Xantusia henshawi Stejneger granite night lizard. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (189): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Lee, J.C. 1974. The diel activity cycle of the lizard, Xantusia henshawi Copeia 1974 (4): 934-940. - get paper here
  • Lee, Julian C. 1975. The Autecology of Xantusia Henshawi henshawi (Sauria: Xantusiidae). Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 17 (19): 259-278 - get paper here
  • Love, B. 2014. Tempowechsel bei Kleinwild. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (106): 76-77
  • Lovich, Robert 2001. Phylogeography of the night lizard, Xantusia henshawi, in southern California: evolution across fault zones. Herpetologica 57 (4):470-487 - get paper here
  • Mautz, W.J. & T.J. Case 1974. A Diurnal Activity Cycle in the Granite Night Lizard, Xantusia henshawi Copeia 1974 (1): 243-251. - get paper here
  • Nielsen, Stuart V; Brendan J Pinto, Irán Andira Guzmán-Méndez, Tony Gamble, 2020. First report of sex chromosomes in night lizards (Scincoidea: Xantusiidae). Journal of Heredity, esaa007 - get paper here
  • Noonan, Brice P.; Jennifer B. Pramuk, Robert L. Bezy, Elizabeth A. Sinclair, Kevin de Queiroz, Jack W. Sites Jr. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships within the lizard clade Xantusiidae: Using trees and divergence times to address evolutionary questions at multiple levels. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 69, Issue 1, October 2013, Pages 109–122 - get paper here
  • Peralta-García A, Valdez-Villavicencio JH, Fucsko LA, Hollingsworth BD, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, Rocha A, DeSantis DL, Porras LW, and Wilson LD. 2023. The herpetofauna of the Baja California Peninsula and its adjacent islands, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 17(1&2): 57–142
  • Savage, J. M. 1963. 'Studies on the Lizard Family Xantusiidae IV. The Genera. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum (71): 1 - 38 - get paper here
  • Sinclair, Elizabeth A.; Robert L. Bezy; Kathryn Bolles; Jose L. Camarillo R.; Keith A. Crandall and Jack W. Sites, Jr. 2004. Testing Species Boundaries in an Ancient Species Complex with Deep Phylogeographic History: Genus Xantusia (Squamata: Xantusiidae). American Naturalist 164 (3): 396-414 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1946. Handbook of Lizards: Lizards of the United States and of Canada. Comstock, Ithaca, NY, xxii + 557 pp.
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, L. 1893. Diagnosis of a new Californian lizard. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 16: 467 - get paper here
  • Vicario, Saverio; Adalgisa Caccone and Jacques Gauthier 2003. Xantusiid "night" lizards: a puzzling phylogenetic problem revisited using likelihood-based Bayesian methods on mtDNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 26 (2): 243-261 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
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