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Xenagama taylori (PARKER, 1935)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Taylor's Strange Agama, Dwarf Shield-Tailed Agama.
G: Taylors Biberschwanzagame 
SynonymAgama (Xenagama) taylori PARKER 1935: 525
Agama (Xenagama) taylori — LOVERIDGE 1942: 54
Agama taylori — WERMUTH 1967: 25
Xenagama taylori — LANZA 1983: 209
Xenagama taylori — LANZA 1990
Xenagama taylori — BÖHME & KIRSCHNER 2003 
DistributionNW Somalia, E Ethiopia

Type locality: Haud, Somalia (3400 feet) [= 1036 m elevation], (long. 44°49′ E., lat. 8° 43′N.)  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1936.6.12.1/1946.8.28.11 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Smallest species of the genus with males larger than the females. Head with the occipital scale not larger than other head scales and the nasal scale on the canthus rostralis. Ear hole surrounded in front and above by single short conical scales. No neck crest present. Body scalation heterogeneous to nearly homo- geneous, with smooth matrix scales and intermixed slightly lar- ger, smooth enlarged scales, and the ‘annectens scale type’ present. Gular and ventral scales smooth. Tail much shorter than the body and head, with a strongly developed disk at the base merging abruptly into the terminal filament. Upper scales of cau- dal disk smooth to keeled and spinose, keeled scales forming longitudinal rows from the base to the filament. Discoidal part of the tail arranged in whorls with one scale ring each. Tail filament without distinct whorls [from WAGNER et la. 2013]. 
EtymologyNamed after Edward Harrison Taylor, 1889-1978 [obituary in Herp Review 10 (2): 47]. Illustration in BARTS & WILMS 2003. 
  • Akeret, B. 2013. Energiewende im Terarrium. Ideen und Vorschläge, wie man Stromverbrauch und Energiekosten bei der Haltung von Terrarientieren senken kann. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (99): 18-31 - get paper here
  • Amer, S. A., 2003. Mitochondria DNA evidence to the paraphyly of Xenogama of Agamidae (Reptilia). Journal of Union of Arab Biologists Cairo, A (Zoology) 19:1-12
  • Barts, M. 2004. Erfahrungen bei der Haltung und Vermehrung von Xenagama batillifera (VAILLANT 1832) mit Anmerkungen zum Verhalten von Xenagama taylori (PARKER 1935). Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 72-77 - get paper here
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Böhme, W. & Kirschner, A. 2002. Über die Stachelschwanzagamen der Gattung Xenagama BOULENGER 1895, mit Anmerkungen zur Zucht beider Arten. Herpetofauna 24 (139): 5-18 - get paper here
  • Dedlmar, A. 2002. Über Haltung und erste Nachzuchterfolge bei Xenagama taylori (PARKER 1935). Elaphe 10 (2): 52-55
  • FRITZ, P. 2009. Haltung und F2-Nachzucht von Xenagama taylori (Parker, 1935). Sauria 31 (2): 21-28 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1983. A list of the Somali amphibians and reptiles. MONITORE ZOOLOGICO ITALIANO, new Ser., SUPPL. 18 (8): 193-247 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988] - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2006. Lizards of Ethiopia (Reptilia Sauria): an annotated checklist, bibliography, gazetteer and identification. Tropical Zoology 19 (1): 21-109 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Macey, J. Robert; James A. Schulte II, Jonathan J. Fong, Indraneil Das and Theodore J. Papenfuss 2006. The complete mitochondrial genome of an agamid lizard from the Afro–Asian subfamily agaminae and the phylogenetic position of Bufoniceps and Xenagama. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (3): 881-886 - get paper here
  • Mazuch, Tomáš 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of Somaliland and Eastern Ethiopia. Tomáš Mazuch Publishing, 80 pp. ISBN: 978-80-905439-0-4 - get paper here
  • Müller, P.M. 2005. Haltung, Pflege und Nachzucht von Taylors Biberschwanzagame, Xenagama taylori (PARKER 1935). Reptilia (Münster) 10 (56): 56-61 - get paper here
  • Müller, P.M. 2006. Xenagama taylori - Keeping and breeding the Dwarf Shield-Tailed Agama. Reptilia (GB) (46): 54-59 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1942. The lizards of British Somaliland. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 1—101 - get paper here
  • Parker, HAMPTON WILDMAN 1935. Two new lizards from Somaliland. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10) 16: 525 - get paper here
  • WAGNER, PHILIPP, TOMAS MAZUCH and AARON M. BAUER 2013. An extraordinary tail – integrative review of the agamid genus Xenagama. J Zoolog Syst Evol Res doi: 10.1111/jzs.12016 - get paper here
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