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Xenodon matogrossensis (SCROCCHI & CRUZ, 1993)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesPortuguese: Cobra-Coral, Cobra-do-Papo-Amarelo, Coral 
SynonymLystrophis matogrossensis SCROCCHI & CRUZ 1993
Xenodon matogrossensis — ZAHER et al. 2009
Lystrophis matogrossensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 406
Xenodon matogrossensis — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Mato Grosso)

Type locality: Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: CNAR (= IBH) 53544 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: dorsal scales at midbody in 21 rows, tip of the tail rounded, not pointed, dorsal coloration rings forming a pattern: red, black, white, black, red, black rings in 9 to 15 pairs; ventral scales ranging from 122 to 141.
CommentSimilar species: X. pulcher 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Cabral Beconi, Hugo Enrique; Piatti, Liliana; Martins, Marcio; Ferreira, Vanda 2020. Natural history of Xenodon matogrossensis (Scrocchi and Cruz, 1993) (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) in the Brazilian Pantanal. Cuad. herp. 34 (2): - get paper here
  • Cabral, Hugo; Liliana Piatti, Franco Leandro de Souza, Gustavo Scrocchi, Vanda Lúcia Ferreira 2015. Xenodon pulcher (Jan, 1863) (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) first record for Brazil and a distribution extension. Herpetology Notes 8: 361-364 - get paper here
  • França, R. C., França, F. G., Rödder, D., & Solé, M. 2022. Historical collection of snakes from Brazil by herpetologist and biogeographer Paul Müller (1940–2010), deposited at the Zoological Research Museum Alexander Koenig, Germany. Bonn zoological Bulletin 71 (1): 41–49 - get paper here
  • Giraudo, Alejandro R. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Lystrophis matogrossensis. Herpetological Review 28 (3): 159 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Scrocchi G J. Cruz F B. 1993. Description of a new species of the genus Lystrophis Cope and a revalidation of Lystrophis pulcher (Jan, 1863), (Serpentes; Colubridae). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 38 (10): 171-185.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaher, Hussam; Grazziotin, Felipe Gobbi; Cadle, John E.; Murphy, Robert W.; Moura-Leite, Julio Cesar de; Bonatto, Sandro L 2009. Molecular phylogeny of advanced snakes (Serpentes, Caenophidia) with an emphasis on South American Xenodontines: a revised classification and descriptions of new taxa. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) 49 (11): 115-153 - get paper here
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